Joanna Crichton

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We describe neurochemical abnormalities found in the brains of 2 patients with autopsy-confirmed Hallervorden-Spatz (HS) disease. In 1 patient, contents of cystine and of glutathione-cysteine mixed disulfide in the globus pallidus were markedly elevated above values for appropriate control subjects. Activity of cysteine dioxygenase, which converts cysteine(More)
BACKGROUND Although HIV counseling and testing (HCT) is widely considered an integral component of HIV prevention and treatment strategies, few studies have examined HCT behavior among youth in sub-Saharan Africa-a group at substantial risk for HIV infection. In this paper we examine: the correlates of HIV testing, including whether associations differ(More)
A 6-month-old boy developed emprosthotonic infantile spasms and right hemiparesis. CT scan revealed a large mass related to a distended right temporal horn which on craniotomy proved to be a hard white tumour of the tentorium cerebelli which could be only incompletely resected. Microscopically and ultrastructurally, this lesion proved to be a typical(More)
Policies relating to contraceptive services (population, family planning and reproductive health policies) often receive weak or fluctuating levels of commitment from national policy elites in Southern countries, leading to slow policy evolution and undermining implementation. This is true of Kenya, despite the government's early progress in committing to(More)
This commentary introduces the HARPS supplement on getting research into policy and practice in sexual and reproductive health (SRH). The papers in this supplement have been produced by the Sexual Health and HIV Evidence into Practice (SHHEP) collaboration of international research, practitioner and advocacy organizations based in research programmes funded(More)
BACKGROUND The continued poor sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa highlight the difficulties in reforming policies and laws, and implementing effective programmes. This paper uses one international and two national case studies to reflect on the challenges, dilemmas and strategies used in operationalising sexual and(More)
BACKGROUND Consumption of alcohol is associated with acute and chronic adverse health outcomes. There is a paucity of studies that explore the determinants of alcohol use among adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa and, in particular, that examine the effects of adverse childhood experiences on alcohol use. METHODS The paper draws on nationally-representative(More)
BACKGROUND The mass media have excellent potential to promote good sexual and reproductive health outcomes, but around the world, media often fail to prioritize sexual and reproductive health and rights issues or report them in an accurate manner. In sub-Saharan Africa media coverage of reproductive health issues is poor due to the weak capacity and(More)
Parental communication and support is associated with improved developmental, health and behavioral outcomes in adolescence. This study explores the quality of mother-daughter communication about sexual maturation, abstinence and unintended pregnancy in Korogocho, an informal settlement in Nairobi, Kenya. We use data from 14 focus group discussions (n =(More)