Joanna Ciechańska

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OBJECTIVE Influenza vaccinations are recommended for health professionals by the WHO and the CDC. Medical students are important health professionals not only as future physicians, but also due to their frequent contact with patients during their education. The aim of this study was to compare the knowledge, attitudes, motivations and influenza vaccinations(More)
INTRODUCTION AND AIM Urothelial bladder carcinoma (UBC) is a very rare condition in patients aged below 50 years. The aim of the study was to answer the question whether the characteristics of cancer in this group of patients differ from general UBC features. MATERIAL AND METHODS Altogether 2160 patients treated with primary transurethral resection due to(More)
Staging and grading of bladder cancer have a substantial impact on patients' prognosis. However, due to the relatively low quality and quantity of specimens from transurethral resection (TUR), initial histopathological examination may not be fully reliable. The aim of this study was to assess the repeatability of staging and grading in post-TUR and(More)
Cigarette smoking is a leading cause of preventable death in the world. Medical students play a role in smoking prevention especially as future physicians, but also as role models in society. Their approach, although influenced by medical education, is based on cultural and socio-economic background. The aim of this study was to analyze smoking habits,(More)
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