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There are three main elements deciding about the effect of mutations on the protein coding sequences—the type of the substitution of nucleotide, the selection for the function of the gene product and the nature of the genetic code itself. Selection used to be considered as the only directional process among the evolutionary mechanisms. In fact the(More)
Directional mutation pressure associated with replication processes is the main cause of the asymmetry between the leading and lagging DNA strands in bacterial genomes. On the other hand, the asymmetry between sense and antisense strands of protein coding sequences is a result of both mutation and selection pressures. Thus, there are two different ways of(More)
This paper analyses the relationship between the mutation data matrix 1PAM/PET91, representing the effect of both mutation and selection pressures exerted on 16130 homologous proteins of different organisms, and a mutation probability matrix (1PAM/MPM) representing the effect of pure mutation pressure on protein coding of the Borrelia burgdorferi genome.(More)
We have simulated, using Monte Carlo methods, the survival of prokaryotic genes under directional mutational pressure. We have found that the whole pool of genes located on the leading DNA strand differs from that located on the lagging DNA strand and from the sub-class of genes coding for ribosomal proteins. The best strategy for most of the non-ribosomal(More)
Various sites of ferricyanide reduction were studied in spinach chloroplasts. It was found that in the presence of dibromothymoquinone a fraction of ferricyanide reduction was dibromothymoquinone sensitive, implying that ferricyanide can be reduced by photosystem I as well as photosystem II. To separate ferricyanide reduction sites in photosystem II,(More)
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