Joanna B Patrick

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Previous studies have revealed the existence of a gene family that encodes a group of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subunits. Four members of this family have been characterized thus far; three of these subunits (alpha 2, alpha 3, and alpha 4) are structurally related to the ligand binding subunit expressed in muscle and form functional(More)
Two properties were found to distinguish neuronal from muscle nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). First, neuronal nAChRs have a greater Ca2+ permeability. The high Ca2+ flux through neuronal nAChRs activates a Ca(2+)-dependent Cl- conductance, and the Ca2+ to Cs+ permeability ratio (PCa/PCs) is 7 times greater for neuronal than for muscle nAChRs. A(More)
A family of genes has been identified that encodes subunits of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) and is expressed in the nervous system. Functional neuronal nAChRs can be expressed in Xenopus oocytes by injection of RNA encoding 1 of 2 different beta-subunits (beta 2, beta 4) in pairwise combination with RNA encoding 1 of 3 different alpha-subunits(More)
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) are localized at high concentrations in the postsynaptic membrane of the neuromuscular junction. A peripheral membrane protein of Mr 43,000 (43K protein) is closely associated with AChRs and has been proposed to anchor receptors at postsynaptic sites. We have used the Xenopus oocyte expression system to test the(More)
Screening of a rat brain cDNA library with a radiolabeled probe made from an alpha 3 cDNA (Boulter, J., Evans, K., Goldman, D., Martin, G., Treco, D., Heinemanns, S., and Patrick, J. (1986) Nature 319, 368-374) resulted in the isolation of a clone whose sequence encodes a protein, beta 3, which is homologous (40-55% amino acid sequence identity) to(More)
A new nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subunit, beta 4, was identified by screening a rat genomic library. In situ hybridization histochemistry revealed expression of the beta 4 gene in the medial habenula of adult rat brains. The primary structure of this subunit was deduced from a cDNA clone isolated from a PC12 cDNA library. Functional nAChRs(More)
A family of genes coding for proteins homologous to the alpha subunit of the muscle nicotinic acetylcholine receptor has been identified in the rat genome. These genes are transcribed in the central and peripheral nervous systems in areas known to contain functional nicotinic receptors. In this paper, we demonstrate that three of these genes, which we call(More)
The cellular localization of transcripts for a new putative agonist-binding subunit of the neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR), alpha 5, was examined using in situ hybridization in the rat central nervous system (CNS), alpha 5 subunit mRNA was localized to a small number of regions when compared with two of the other known agonist-binding(More)
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors found in the peripheral and central nervous system differ from those found at the neuromuscular junction. Recently we isolated a cDNA clone encoding the alpha subunit of a neuronal acetylcholine receptor expressed in both the peripheral and central nervous system. In this paper we report the isolation of a cDNA encoding the(More)