Joanna Ashton-Chess

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Long-term allograft survival generally requires lifelong immunosuppression (IS). Rarely, recipients display spontaneous "operational tolerance" with stable graft function in the absence of IS. The lack of biological markers of this phenomenon precludes identification of potentially tolerant patients in which IS could be tapered and hinders the development(More)
Chronic rejection (CR) is a major cause of long-term graft loss that would be avoided by the induction of tolerance. We previously showed that renal transplant patients with CR have lower numbers of peripheral CD4(+)CD25(high) T cells than operationally tolerant patients, patients with stable graft function and healthy volunteers (HV). We explored here the(More)
Although skin is the largest organ of the human body, cutaneous drug metabolism is often overlooked, and existing experimental models are insufficiently validated. This proof-of-concept study investigated phase II biotransformation of 11 test substrates in fresh full-thickness human skin explants, a model containing all skin cell types. Results show that(More)
Diagnosis of the specific cause of late allograft injury is necessary if more personalized and efficient immunosuppressive regimens are to be introduced. This study sought previously unrecognized biomarkers for specific histologic diagnoses of late graft scarring by comparison of gene sets from published microarray studies. Tribbles-1 (TRIB1), a human(More)
Tolerance is the so-called "Holy Grail" of transplantation, but achieving this state is proving a major challenge, particularly in the clinical setting. Even in rodents, the definition of true transplant tolerance is not applicable to many models, with late graft damage often occurring despite long-term graft survival. Hence the term "operational(More)
In rats, tolerance to MHC-incompatible renal allografts can be induced by the administration of anti-donor class II Abs on the day of transplantation. In this study we explored the mechanisms involved in the maintenance phase of this tolerance by analyzing intragraft gene expression profiles by microarray in long-term accepted kidneys. Comparison of the(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) represent a tool not only for immune activation, but also potentially for tolerance induction in transplantation. This latter approach is yet to be explored in a pre-clinical primate model. Since no information concerning baboon DC has been available, we characterised the DC of this species derived in vitro from bone marrow (CD34(+))(More)
BACKGROUND Deciphering the mechanisms of tolerance and chronic rejection (CR) remains a major goal in transplantation. Data in rodents suggest that Toll-like receptors (TLR), regulators of innate immune responses, play a role in determining graft outcome. However, few studies have focused on TLR expression in human kidney transplant recipients. METHODS(More)
In a previous study, we identified TRIB1, a serine-threonine kinase-like molecule, as a biomarker of chronic antibody-mediated rejection of human kidneys when measured in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Here, we focused our analysis on a specific subset of peripheral blood mononuclear cells that play a dominant role in regulating immune responses in(More)
Several transplant patients maintain stable kidney graft function in the absence of immunosuppression. Here we compared the characteristics of their peripheral B cells to that of others who had stable graft function but were under pharmacologic immunosuppression, to patients with chronic rejection and to healthy volunteers. In drug-free long-term graft(More)