Joanna A. Pulit-Penaloza

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The murine 2'-5' oligoadenylate synthetase 1a (Oas1a) and Oas1b genes are type 1 IFN responsive genes. Oas1a is an active synthetase with broad antiviral activity mediated through RNase L. Oas1b is inactive but can inhibit Oas1a synthetase activity and mediate a flavivirus-specific antiviral activity through an unknown RNase L-independent mechanism.(More)
Prevention of seasonal influenza epidemics and pandemics relies on widespread vaccination coverage to induce protective immunity. In addition to a good antigenic match with the circulating viruses, the effectiveness of individual strains represented in the trivalent vaccines depends on their immunogenicity. In this study, we evaluated the immunogenicity of(More)
Cutaneous vaccination with microneedle patches offers several advantages over more frequently used approaches for vaccine delivery, including improved protective immunity. However, the involvement of specific APC subsets and their contribution to the induction of immunity following cutaneous vaccine delivery is not well understood. A better understanding of(More)
Avian influenza A H7 viruses have caused multiple outbreaks in domestic poultry throughout North America, resulting in occasional infections of humans in close contact with affected birds. In early 2016, the presence of H7N8 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses and closely related H7N8 low-pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) viruses was confirmed(More)
UNLABELLED A novel highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 virus, first detected in January 2014 in poultry and wild birds in South Korea, has spread throughout Asia and Europe and caused outbreaks in Canada and the United States by the end of the year. The spread of H5N8 and the novel reassortant viruses, H5N2 and H5N1 (H5Nx), in domestic poultry(More)
Although infection of mouse embryofibroblasts (MEFs) with WNV Eg101 induced interferon (IFN) beta production and STAT1 and STAT2 phosphorylation, these transcription factors (TFs) were not detected in the nucleus or on the promoters of four IRF-3-independent interferon stimulated genes (ISGs): Oas1a and Irf7 (previously characterized as(More)
Macaques are the most widely used experimental nonhuman primate (NHP) species. Rhesus (Macaca mulatta, Macmul), cynomolgus (Macaca fascicularis, Macfas), and pigtail (Macaca nemestrina, Macnem) macaques continue to be popular models for vaccine and infectious diseases research, especially HIV infection and AIDS, and for the development of antibody-based(More)
Although infections with "natural" West Nile virus (WNV) and the chimeric W956IC WNV infectious clone virus produce comparable peak virus yields in type I interferon (IFN) response-deficient BHK cells, W956IC infection produces higher levels of "unprotected" viral RNA at early times after infection. Analysis of infections with these two viruses in(More)
Avian-origin influenza represents a global public health concern. In 2013, the H10N8 virus caused documented human infections for the first time. Currently, there is no approved vaccine against H10 influenza. Recombinant virus-like particles (VLPs) represent a promising vaccine approach. In this study, we evaluated H10 VLPs containing hemagglutinin from(More)
The induction of type I interferon (IFN) and subsequent activation of interferon stimulated genes (ISGs) represent a first line of defense against viral infection. Typically type I IFN signaling leads to the phosphorylation of the STAT1 and STAT2 transcription factors (TFs) which then form a trimetric complex with IRF-9 and translocate to the nucleus to(More)