Joann Whalen

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Humans appear to share with animals a nonverbal counting process. In a nonverbal counting condition, subjects pressed a key a numeral-specified number of times, while saying "the" at every press. The mean number of presses increased as a power function of the target number, with a constant coefficient of variation (c.v.), both within and beyond the proposed(More)
We recorded auditory evoked magnetic fields in response to 128 15-msec duration 1-KHz tone pips from both hemispheres of 6 young schizophrenic men. Auditory evoked potentials were recorded conventionally from a vertex lead. The approximately 50-msec latency component was identified in both the magnetic (M50) and electroencephalographic (EEG) (P50)(More)
We recorded auditory evoked magnetic fields in response to 128 15 msec duration 1 kHz tone pips from both hemispheres of 6 normal adult males. Auditory evoked potentials were recorded conventionally from a vertex lead. An approximately 50 msec latency component was identified in both the magnetic (called the M50) and EEG (called the P50) recordings.(More)
We recorded magnetoencephalographic auditory evoked fields from the left and right hemispheres of six medicated, paranoid schizophrenic subjects and six normal controls. The magnetic field data were used in estimating the location, orientation, and depth of the source generating the 100-millisecond latency evoked field component (M100). The M100 latencies(More)
Intensive agriculture is often criticized for negative impacts on environment and human health. This issue may be solved by a better management of organisms living in crop fields. Here, we review the benefits of earthworms for crops, and we present techniques to increase earthworm abundance. The major points are the following: (1) Earthworms usually improve(More)
Although substantial progress has been made in characterizing the cognitive processes involved in simple arithmetic, the localization of these processes in the brain is not yet well understood. In this article we consider the localization of a specific arithmetic process, the retrieval of arithmetic table facts from memory. We report a single-patient study(More)
A retrospective review of the records of 60 patients with thoracolumbar and lumbar burst fractures was undertaken to document the incidence and evaluate the sequelae of dural injuries found during anterior procedures. In the entire series, six (10%) patients each had a preexisting vertically oriented dural tear. All patients with anterior dural lacerations(More)
When handled separately from manures, dairy farm effluents (DE) are costly to manage because of their low nutrient content and large volume. In anticipation of using surface irrigation to lower the land application cost of DE, this projects investigated the impact, on DE characteristics, of different sources and storage systems. Milk house wastewaters were(More)
Cryosurgery has many advantages in the treatment of musculoskeletal tumors, but complications can occur, with injuries to the peripheral nerves. Cryoprotectants such as dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) and glycerol enhance the in vitro survival of cultured Schwann cells, but they have not been studied in vivo. In vitro, 10 percent DMSO provided the maximal survival(More)