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A light-addressable potentiometric (silicon) sensor was used in an immunofiltration procedure for the detection of pathogenic bacteria. Yersinia pestis was detected by filtering the cells onto nitrocellulose membranes and then filtering anti-Y. pestis mouse monoclonal antibody and anti-mouse immunoglobulin G-horseradish peroxidase conjugate. For Neisseria(More)
Hamsters were vaccinated with toxoids containing toxin A, toxin B, both toxins, or a preparation containing neither toxin of Clostridium difficile, the causative agent of antibiotic-associated cecitis in hamsters and pseudomembranous colitis in humans. To determine whether these vaccines would reduce the severity of antibiotic-associated cecitis, the(More)
The effect of cryopreservation on agonist-induced receptor activation in mammalian cells was investigated with the Cytosensor microphysiometer, a biosensor that monitors cellular metabolic activity by measuring changes in extracellular pH. In this study, two different cell types--nonadherent TF-1 cells (from a human erythroleukemia patient) and adherent WT3(More)
Over the past 5 years, microphysiometry has proved an effective means for detecting physiological changes in cultured cells, particularly as a functional assay for the activation of many cellular receptors. To demonstrate the clinical relevance of this method, we have used it to detect bacterial antibiotic sensitivity and to discriminate between(More)
C difficile produces two toxins, each of which is cytotoxic and lethal to animals [1]. Whether one or both of the toxins is responsible for pseudomembranous colitis in humans is unknown. C difficile is rarely found in the intestinal tracts of healthy adults, and then only in relatively low numbers. The same numbers of C difficile found in adults with(More)
AIDS-related deaths have declined; however, AIDS prevalence has increased. People with advanced HIV/AIDS often require home health nursing care, yet little is known regarding the character and frequency of the nursing interventions required. Demographic, symptom, and nursing care data were collected on 26 HIV-positive patients receiving palliative home(More)
Metabolic activity was used to quantify the delay in recovery of Escherichia coli after limited exposures to cefotaxime and piperacillin. This was measured with a microphysiometer, a device which measures changes in pH in the cellular environment, which in turn reflects the metabolic activity of the cells. The antibiotics were rapidly pumped into and(More)
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