Joana Setzer

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2-ethoxyethanol, a solvent developed for nitrocellulose and also used in lacquers, dyes, varnish removers, and in numerous industrial processes, was evaluated for possible functional effects in offspring of rats exposed during gestation. A dose finding study revealed that no offspring survived inhalation exposure (7 hours/day) from gestation days 7-13 or(More)
A type of learning task was utilized to determine the effective dose of carbaryl on Macaca fascicularis for both oral and in routes of administration. Monkeys were required to press four buttons in a set order; the order was changed daily. A baseline reversal design was utilized to test all animals several times at each concentration. The im carbaryl(More)
Neurobehavioral functions affected by methyl bromide exposure were evaluated in California structural and soil fumigators using methyl bromide and sulfuryl fluoride. Sampling data revealed that structural fumigators are exposed for up to 1.5 hrs/day to 0-2.2 ppm methyl bromide and/or 10-200 ppm sulfuryl fluoride, and soil fumigators can be exposed to 2.3(More)
The research reported here was intended to identify the concentration at which methyl bromide begins to produce neurotoxic effects in the rabbit, a species known to be sensitive to this compound. Rabbits were exposed via inhalation to 27 ppm methyl bromide over a period of 8 mo for a total exposure duration of 900 h. Biweekly neurobehavioral tests,(More)
Over 500,000 workers in the United States are exposed to ethylene oxide and propylene oxide. These two solvents are used as chemical intermediates, as well as components in the manufacture of fumigants and food preparation. The neurophysiologic and neuropathologic effects of these two organic oxides were investigated in five groups of 12 primates after(More)
Previous research demonstrated the inhalation teratogenicity of the solvent 2-ethoxyethanol in rats and rabbits. As this is one of a class of widely used industrial solvents, we investigated the teratogenicity of five structurally related compounds. Each chemical was vaporized and administered to approximately 15 pregnant rats in one to three concentrations(More)
The solvent, 2-ethoxyethanol, induced complete embryomortality in pregnant rats exposed to three times the current Federal permissible exposure limit (PEL). Following exposure to ethoxyethanol at a concentration only one-half the current PEL, the offspring evidenced behavioral and neurochemical deviations from controls. Subsequent studies found that(More)