Joana M. Gaspar

Learn More
Diabetes has been associated with cognitive and memory impairments, and with alterations in color and contrast perception, suggesting that hippocampus and retina are particularly affected by this disease. A few studies have shown that diabetes differentially affects neurotransmitter release in different brain regions and in retina, and induces structural(More)
A few studies have reported the existence of depletion of synaptic vesicles, and changes in neurotransmitter release and in the content of exocytotic proteins in the hippocampus of diabetic rats. Recently, we found that diabetes alters the levels of synaptic proteins in hippocampal nerve terminals. Hyperglycemia is considered the main trigger of diabetic(More)
Diabetic retinopathy and diabetic encephalopathy are two common complications of diabetes mellitus. The impairment of glutamatergic neurotransmission in the retina and hippocampus has been suggested to be involved in the pathogenesis of these diabetic complications. In this study, we investigated the effect of elevated glucose concentration and diabetes on(More)
PURPOSE Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a leading cause of vision loss and blindness among adults between the age 20 to 74. Changes in ionotropic glutamate receptor subunit composition can affect retinal glutamatergic neurotransmission and, therefore, contribute to visual impairment. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether diabetes leads to(More)
Ingestion of a meal is the greatest challenge faced by glucose homeostasis. The surge of nutrients has to be disposed quickly, as high concentrations in the bloodstream may have pathophysiological effects, and also properly, as misplaced reserves may induce problems in affected tissues. Thus, loss of the ability to adequately dispose of ingested nutrients(More)
Diabetes induces changes in neurotransmitter release in central nervous system, which depend on the type of neurotransmitter and region studied. In this study, we evaluated the effect of diabetes (two and eight weeks duration) on basal and evoked release of [(14)C]glutamate and [(3)H]GABA in hippocampal and retinal synaptosomes. We also analyzed the effect(More)
Diabetic retinopathy is a leading cause of vision loss and blindness. Increasing evidence has shown that the neuronal components of the retina are affected even before the detection of vascular lesions. Hyperglycemia is considered the main pathogenic factor for the development of diabetic complications. Nevertheless, other factors like neuroinflammation,(More)
Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM), an organosulfur compound, has been used as a dietary supplement that can improve various metabolic diseases. However, the effect of MSM on obesity-linked metabolic disorders remains unclear. The goal of the current study is to determine whether MSM has beneficial effects on glucose and lipid homeostasis in obesity-associated(More)
Colorectal carcinoma is common worldwide and its metastasis represents the main cause of mortality related to the disease. Inguinal metastization of this tumor has been considered almost impossible, owing to colon anatomy and its cranial lymphatic drainage. We report the case of a 63-year-old man submitted to laparoscopical sigmoid colectomy, due a sigmoid(More)
PURPOSE The impairment of glutamatergic neurotransmission has been associated with diabetic complications in the central nervous system, such as diabetic retinopathy. Here, we investigated the effect of elevated glucose exposure and diabetes on α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor composition, subunit phosphorylation, and the(More)