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A series of 3,9 disubstituted [(alkylthio)methyl]- and (alkoxymethyl)-K-252a derivatives was synthesized with the aim of enhancing and separating the neurotrophic properties from the undesirable NGF (trk A kinase) and PKC inhibitory activities of K-252a. Data from this series reveal that substitution in the 3- and 9-positions of K-252a with these groups(More)
A new photoreactive amino acid analog, p-benzoyl-L-phenylalanine, is described. Convenient methods for the preparation of this amino acid and its subsequent incorporation into synthetic peptides by the solid-phase technique are outlined. To illustrate its utility, p-benzoyl-L-phenylalanine was substituted in place of tryptophan in a 17-residue(More)
HeLa cells infected with radioactive poliovirus type 2 were disrupted with ultrasonic treatment, followed by addition of a non-ionic detergent. Two types of virus particles were found to sediment at 80 to 90% the rate of native virus. The first of these appeared to be a complex of native virus particles and membrane components, since treatment with 0-2% SDS(More)
Calpain I, an intracellular cysteine protease, has been implicated in the neurodegeneration following an episode of cerebral ischemia. In this paper, we report on a series of peptidomimetic ketomethylene and carbamethylene inhibitors of recombinant human calpain I (rh calpain I). Our study reveals that the -NHCO-moiety (possible hydrogen-bonding site) at(More)
Several aryl-carbamoyl dipeptide alcohols increased the uptake of nitrate and ammonium ions into corn root segments by up to 50% and 90%, respectively. The most effective one was N-carbobenzoxy-l-prolyl-l-valinol. Foliar application of this compound to underfertilized corn plants caused an increase in the rate of plant growth in the greenhouse and provided(More)
Attempts to design an agent which would release cytotoxic nitrogen mustards within collagenase-producing tumors led to the synthesis of Cbz-L-Pro-L-Leu-Gly-L-Pro-Gly-NHC6H4N(CH2CH2Cl)2 (10). 10 was cleaved in vitro by bacterial and tumor-associated collagenase as expected at the peptide bond joining L-leucine and glycine to give(More)