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BACKGROUND Nephrocalcinosis (NC) in preterm neonates has been described frequently, and small-scale studies suggest an unfavorable effect on renal function. The etiologic factors have not yet been fully clarified. We performed a prospective observational study to identify factors that influence the development of NC. METHODS The study population consisted(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a bone marrow transplantation (BMT) on renal function in children. In a 5-year period, 142 children received a BMT at the Department of Pediatrics of the University Hospital Leiden. The study was performed retrospectively using the estimated glomerular filtration rate before and 1 year after BMT, and(More)
Nephrocalcinosis (NC) in preterm neonates has been reported frequently and small studies suggest an unfavourable effect on renal function. Data on ultrasonic features are limited and the reproducibility of ultrasonography (US) in detecting NC in preterm neonates is unknown. In this study, interobserver and intraobserver agreement of US was determined(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of our study was to examine long-term effects of nephrocalcinosis in prematurely born children. PATIENTS AND METHODS Preterm neonates (gestational age <32 weeks) with (n = 42) and without (n = 32) nephrocalcinosis were prospectively studied at a mean age of 7.5 (+/-1.0) years. RESULTS Blood pressure did not differ in ex-preterm infants(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Lowe syndrome is defined by congenital cataracts, mental retardation, and proximal tubulopathy and is due to mutations in OCRL. Recently, mutations in OCRL were found to underlie some patients with Dent disease, characterized by low molecular weight proteinuria, hypercalciuria, and nephrocalcinosis. This phenotypic heterogeneity is(More)
In some children with bilateral Wilms' tumor, reduction of tumor burden cannot be accomplished without total nephrectomy. In Denys-Drash syndrome, nephrectomy is required for associated Wilms' tumor or after progression to end stage renal disease secondary to diffuse mesangial sclerosis because of risk of development of Wilms' tumor. Current recommendation(More)
Glomerular function of all long-term survivors who underwent hemopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) from 1991 to 1998 (study I, n=121) was studied retrospectively. In addition, we prospectively analyzed glomerular and tubular function of all long-term surviving children who received an HSCT between 1998 and 2000 (study II, n=41). We found a lower(More)
Prolonged prednisolone treatment for the initial episode of childhood nephrotic syndrome may reduce relapse rate, but whether this results from the increased duration of treatment or a higher cumulative dose remains unclear. We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in 69 hospitals in The Netherlands. We randomly assigned 150(More)
Both antigen-dependent and -independent factors influence long-term organ allograft function and survival. Brain death (BD), a significant antigen-independent, donor-related injury upregulates a variety of inflammatory mediators in peripheral organs. One of the earliest responses to such an insult is the expression of selectins by endothelial cells of the(More)