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Peripheral injections of the tracer fluorogold (FG) and immunocytochemistry were used to study the modulation of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) cell secretory activity in adult mice. Intraperitoneal administration of FG would make it available to all GnRH terminals outside the blood-brain barrier. The degree of capture of the dye would be linked to(More)
SNAP-25 is a synaptosomal associated protein localized at the plasma membrane of nerve terminals. SNAP-25 associates with syntaxin 1 and vesicle-associated membrane protein-2 (VAMP-2) and is thought to form a complex essential for neurotransmitter release. We have identified syndet, a novel protein related to the family of SNAP-25 isoforms. Like SNAP-25,(More)
Rab proteins are small molecular weight GTPases that control vesicular traffic in eucaryotic cells. A subset of Rab proteins, the Rab3 proteins are thought to play an important role in regulated exocytosis of vesicles. In transfected AtT-20 cells expressing wild-type Rab3D, we find that a fraction of the protein is associated with dense core granules. In(More)
Immunocytochemical procedures on thick, unembedded sections were used to visualize the neurons and their processes that contain LHRH-immunoreactive material in the rat central nervous system (CNS). In animals pretreated with colchicine (75 micrograms, intraventricularly), cell bodies could be observed as far anterior as the olfactory bulb and posterior to(More)
The ultrastructural appearance of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) immunoreactive elements was studied in the medial preoptic area (MPOA) of adult male Fischer 344 rats. The purpose of the study was to determine the distribution and morphology of innervation of the LHRH neuron. Although not numerous, both axo-somatic and axo-dendritic synapses(More)
The luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) systems of rat olfactory bulbs and nasal areas were studied in neonatal and adult rats. Animals were perfused with Zamboni's fixative and olfactory bulbs with nasal olfactory areas intact were removed, postfixed, and decalcified. LHRH was immunohistochemically demonstrated in unembedded frozen or vibratome(More)
The secretion of the gonadotropins is modulated by the gonadal steroids, but the means by which these effects are mediated are not well understood. The present anatomical study was undertaken to investigate the possibility that the GnRH system responds to alterations in the gonadal steroid environment with reversible changes in synaptic input and glial(More)
Previous work in many laboratories has shown that luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) neurons display a range of shapes from smooth-contoured to extremely irregular or 'thorny'. To determine if these forms reflect or can be modified by the gonadal steroid milieu, the morphology of LHRH neurons was examined in male rats from each of four(More)
Physiological and pharmacological evidence has suggested that both endogenous opiates and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) itself can act centrally to exert a tonic inhibition on gonadotropin secretion via an inhibition of the neurosecretion of GnRH. To determine if the effects of these two peptides might be mediated via a direct synaptic input to the(More)
Activation of LH-releasing hormone (LHRH) secretion, essential for the initiation of puberty, is brought about by the interaction of neurotransmitters and astroglia-derived substances. One of these substances, transforming growth factor alpha (TGFalpha), has been implicated as a facilitatory component of the glia-to-neuron signaling process controlling the(More)