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The Internet has become one of the main drivers of e-health. Whilst its impact and potential is being analysed, the Web 2.0 phenomenon has reached the health field and has emerged as a buzzword that people use to describe a wide range of online activities and applications. The aims of this article are: to explore the opportunities and challenges of the Web(More)
At high temperature, recombinant hamster prion protein (SHaPrP(90-231)) undergoes aggregation and changes from a predominantly alpha-helical to beta-sheet conformation. We then applied high pressure (200 MPa) to the beta-sheet-rich conformation. The aggregation was reversed, and the original tertiary and secondary structures were recovered at ambient(More)
Accumulation of PrP(Sc), an abnormal form of cellular prion protein (PrP), in the brain of animals and humans leads to fatal neurodegenerative disorders known as prion diseases. Limited protease digestion of PrP(Sc) produces a truncated form called PrP(27-30) that retains prion infectivity and is the main marker of disease targeted in most diagnostic tests.(More)
The native conformation of host-encoded cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) is metastable. As a result of a post-translational event, PrP(C) can convert to the scrapie form (PrP(Sc)), which emerges as the essential constituent of infectious prions. Despite thorough research, the mechanism underlying this conformational transition remains unknown. However,(More)
Our understanding of conformational conversion of proteins in diseases is essential for any diagnostic and therapeutic approach. Although not fully understood, misfolding of the prion protein (PrP) is implicated in the pathogenesis of prion diseases. Despite several efforts to produce the pathologically misfolded conformation in vitro from a recombinant(More)
A common mechanism of conformational changes and pathological aggregation of proteins associated with amyloid diseases remains to be proven. High pressure is emerging as a new strategy for studying aspects of amyloid formation. Pressure provides a convenient means to populate and characterize partially folded states, which are thought to have a key role in(More)
In this work we demonstrate that heat and pressure induce only slightly different energetic changes in the unfolded state of RNase A. Using pressure and temperature as denaturants on a significant number of variants, and by determining the free energy of unfolding at different temperatures, we estimated the stability of variants unable to complete the(More)
Overproduction and purification of the prion protein is a major concern for biological or biophysical analysis as are the structural specificities of this protein in relation to infectivity. We have developed a method for the effective cloning, overexpression in Escherichia coli and purification to homogeneity of Syrian golden hamster prion protein(More)
FTIR spectroscopy was used to characterize and compare the temperature- and pressure-induced unfolding of ribonuclease A and a set of its variants engineered in a hydrophobic region of the C-terminal part of the molecule postulated as a CFIS. The results show for all the ribonucleases investigated, a cooperative, two-state, reversible unfolding transition(More)
To investigate the characteristics of the postulated carboxy terminal chain-folding initiation site in bovine pancreatic ribonuclease A (RNase A) (residues 106-118), important in the early stages of the folding pathway, we have engineered by site-directed mutagenesis a set of 14 predominantly conservative hydrophobic variants of the protein. The stability(More)