Joan Sallés

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BACKGROUND Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) has important public health implications. The results of the first European multi-centre study that measured ETS exposure in a range of public places (transport, educational settings, and leisure facilities such as bars and restaurants) are presented. METHOD Nicotine vapour phase was measured using(More)
5-HT(1A) receptors were studied via [(3)H]WAY-100635 and [(3)H]8-OH-DPAT binding to rat brain cortical membranes. We characterized the effect of zinc (Zn(2+)) on the binding properties of the 5-HT(1A) receptor. The allosteric ternary complex model was applied to determine the dissociation constant (K(A)) of Zn(2+) and their cooperativity factors (alpha)(More)
G-protein inwardly rectifying potassium (GIRK) channels mediate the synaptic actions of numerous neurotransmitters in the mammalian brain and play an important role in the regulation of neuronal excitability in most brain regions through activation of various G-protein-coupled receptors such as the serotonin 5-HT(1A) receptor. In this report we describe the(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that cognitive function can be restored in mouse models of Alzheimer's disease (AD) following administration of sildenafil, a specific PDE5 inhibitor (Puzzo et al., 2009; Cuadrado-Tejedor et al.). Another very potent PDE5 inhibitor with a longer half-life and safe in chronic treatments, tadalafil, may represent a better(More)
A liquid chromatography method was developed for the determination of some frequently prescribed selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRI) - citalopram and fluoxetine - and its main metabolites - demethylcitalopram, didemethylcitalopram and norfluoxetine - in human urine samples, using a previous stage of solid-phase microextraction. All the(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE To estimate the excess lung cancer mortality risk associated with environmental tobacco (ETS) smoke exposure among hospitality workers. The estimation was done using objective measures in several hospitality settings in Barcelona. METHOD Vapour phase nicotine was measured in several hospitality settings. These measurements were(More)
The alpha 2-adrenoceptors located prejunctionally on the postganglionic neurons that innervate the smooth muscle of the prostatic portion of the rat vas deferens were examined. For this purpose, three imidazolidine derivatives (structurally related to clonidine) were studied for their effects on twitch contractions elicited by electrical field stimulation(More)
Gliomas are the most important group of malignant primary brain tumors and one of the most aggressive forms of cancer. During the last years, several studies have demonstrated that cannabinoids induce apoptosis of glioma cells and inhibit angiogenesis of gliomas in vivo. As the effects of cannabinoids rely on CB(1) and CB(2) receptors activation, the aim of(More)
Triclabendazole (TCBZ) is an halogenated trematodicidal benzimidazole compound extensively used in veterinary medicine. It is active against immature and adult stages of the liver fluke Fasciola hepatica. Free and conjugated TCBZ metabolites have been identified in the bile of treated sheep. The experimental aims were to characterize the in vitro patterns(More)
In this report, we describe the localization of diacylglycerol lipase-α (DAGLα) in nuclei from adult cortical neurons, as assessed by double-immunofluorescence staining of rat brain cortical sections and purified intact nuclei and by western blot analysis of subnuclear fractions. Double-labeling assays using the anti-DAGLα antibody and NeuN combined with(More)