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It has been proposed that visual information in the extrastriate cortex is conveyed along 2 major processing pathways, a "dorsal" pathway directed to the posterior parietal cortex, underlying spatial vision, and a "ventral" pathway directed to the inferior temporal cortex, underlying object vision. To determine the relative distributions of cells projecting(More)
We have examined topographic organization of the prelunate gyrus and adjacent cortex buried in the lunate and superior temporal sulci. We recorded from cortex of awake rhesus monkeys performing a fixation task. Multiunit receptive fields were mapped with small, stationary spots of light to determine borders and points of strongest driving or "activity(More)
To investigate the subcortical connections of the object vision and spatial vision cortical processing pathways, we injected the inferior temporal and posterior parietal cortex of six Rhesus monkeys with retrograde or anterograde tracers. The temporal injections included area TE on the lateral surface of the hemisphere and adjacent portions of area TEO. The(More)
Information about the position and movement of the head in space is coded by vestibular receptors and relayed to four nuclei that comprise the vestibular nuclear complex (VNC). Many additional brainstem nuclei are involved in the processing of vestibular information, receiving signals either directly from the eighth nerve or indirectly via projections from(More)
 The claustrum is topographically and reciprocally connected with many different cortical areas, and anatomical and physiological data suggest it is composed of functionally distinct subdivisions. We asked if the distribution of cells immunoreactive for three calcium-binding proteins, parvalbumin, calbindin D-28k and calretinin would delineate functional(More)
The claustrum is a subcortical structure reciprocally and topographically connected with all sensory and motor domains of the cerebral cortex. Previous anatomical and electrophysiological data suggested that most cells in the claustrum are large neurons that both receive cortical input and project back to cortex, forming excitatory connections with their(More)
Human and monkey saccade amplitude and latency, in response to 12-36 degrees target steps, differed substantially despite nearly identical experimental conditions. On single-step trials, monkeys did not undershoot targets, and latencies were insensitive to stimulus and contextual factors. Human saccades did undershoot, their latency was longer, and both(More)
We compared the cortical inputs to the superficial and deep compartments of the superior colliculus, asking if the corticotectal system, like the colliculus itself, consists of two functional divisions: visual and visuomotor. We made injections of retrograde tracer extending into both superficial and deep layers in three colliculi: the injection site(More)
Two distinct areas of cerebellar cortex, vermal lobule VII and the dorsal paraflocculus (DPFl) receive visual input. To help understand the visuomotor functions of these two regions, we compared their afferent and efferent connections using the tracers wheatgerm agglutinin horseradish peroxidase (WGA-HRP) and biotinilated dextran amine (BDA). The sources of(More)