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—This paper presents a closed-loop control scheme for the three-level three-phase neutral-point-clamped dc–ac converter using the optimized nearest three virtual-space-vector pulsewidth modulation, which is a modulation that produces low output-voltage distortion with a significant reduction of the dc-link capac-itance. A new specific loop modifying the(More)
—In photovoltaic (PV) power systems where a set of series-connected PV arrays (PVAs) is connected to a conventional two-level inverter, the occurrence of partial shades and/or the mismatching of PVAs leads to a reduction of the power generated from its potential maximum. To overcome these problems, the connection of the PVAs to a multilevel diode-clamped(More)
The actual grid code requirements for the grid connection of distributed generation systems, mainly wind and photovoltaic (PV) systems, are becoming very demanding. The transmission system operators (TSOs) are especially concerned about the low-voltage-ride-through requirements. Solutions based on the installation of STATCOMs and dynamic voltage regulators(More)
The connection of electronic power converters to the electrical network is increasing mainly due to massive integration of renewable energy systems. However, the electrical dynamic performance of these converters does not match the behavior of the network, which is mainly formed by generation facilities based on big synchronous generation systems. Depending(More)
Multiterminal dc networks are drawing a lot of interest lately in applications related to distributed generation, particularly in those that also integrate energy storage (ES). A few approaches for controlling the operation of such systems have been proposed in the literature; however, the existing structures can be significantly enhanced. This paper(More)
The recent grid integration of Distributed Energy Resources (DER) possibility the formation of intentional islands in the case of a grid fault conditions. For such island formation is required an active agent capable of governing the micro-grid connection state in a safe mode, especially in connection and disconnection transients. This paper focuses on the(More)
Improving the dynamics of the widely applied grid-connected power converters has been drawing a lot of interests in recent years. Since the currently installed grid-connected converters doesn't shown inertia effect in power processing, the lack of inertia in the electrical networks will become increasingly significant and less admissible when more and more(More)
This paper presents a three-level three-phase neutral-point-clamped back-to-back converter applied to a wind emulator, where a wind power generator is connected to the grid through the back-to-back converter. The converter regulates the power extracted from the generator and controls how this power is injected to the grid with the desired power factor. Two(More)
BACKGROUND There is controversy about the immediate or delayed treatment of the cases of acute appendicitis which are diagnosed in the form of appendicular mass and/or apendicular abscess. At first, do we have to follow a medical or a surgical treatment? In those cases of conservative treatment, do we always have to carry out a delayed appendectomy? We have(More)
Multi-terminal DC (MTDC) systems are drawing a lot of interest lately in applications related to distributed generation, especially in those that integrate wind or PV systems together with energy storage. This paper proposes an improved strategy for the primary control of MTDC integrating energy storage (ES) units. The concept is based on the combination of(More)