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Chick embryo retinal ganglion cell (RGC) axons grow to the optic tectum along a stereotyped route, as if responding to cues distributed along the pathway. We showed previously that, in culture, RGCs from embryonic Day 6 retina are responsive to the neurite-promoting effects of the extracellular matrix glycoprotein laminin and that this response is lost by(More)
The decisive role played by adhesive interactions between neuronal processes and the culture substrate in determining the form and extent of neurite outgrowth in vitro has greatly influenced ideas about the mechanisms of axonal growth and guidance in the vertebrate nervous system. These studies have also helped to identify adhesive molecules that might be(More)
The members of the R7 regulator of G-protein signaling (RGS) protein subfamily are versatile regulators of G-protein signaling throughout the nervous system. Recent studies indicate that they are often found in complexes with membrane anchor proteins that serve as versatile modulators of their activity, intracellular targeting, and stability. One striking(More)
In vertebrate photoreceptor cells, rapid recovery from light excitation is dependent on the RGS9⋅Gβ5 GTPase-activating complex located in the light-sensitive outer segment organelle. RGS9⋅Gβ5 is tethered to the outer segment membranes by its membrane anchor, R9AP. Recent studies indicated that RGS9⋅Gβ5 possesses targeting information that excludes it from(More)
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