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The identification of phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1 (PDK-1) as an activating kinase for members of the AGC family of kinases has led to its implication as the activating kinase for cAMP-dependent protein kinase. It has been established in vitro that PDK-1 can phosphorylate the catalytic (C) subunit (), but the Escherichia coli-expressed C-subunit(More)
BACKGROUND The protein kinase C (PKC) family of serine/threonine-specific protein kinases is involved in many cellular processes, and the unregulated activation of PKC has been implicated in carcinogenesis. PKC inhibitors thus have significant potential as chemotherapeutic agents. Recently, the fungal metabolite balanol was shown to be an exceptionally(More)
Although a substantial number of hormones and drugs increase cellular cAMP levels, the global impact of cAMP and its major effector mechanism, protein kinase A (PKA), on gene expression is not known. Here we show that treatment of murine wild-type S49 lymphoma cells for 24 h with 8-(4-chlorophenylthio)-cAMP (8-CPT-cAMP), a PKA-selective cAMP analog, alters(More)
Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE) isoforms can influence disease pathogenesis and be novel therapeutic targets. Because lower cAMP levels may contribute to the decreased apoptosis that occurs in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), we assessed the expression levels of PDE isoforms in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of healthy adults and(More)
alpha-Neurotoxins are potent inhibitors of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR), binding with high affinity to the two agonist sites located on the extracellular domain. Previous site-directed mutagenesis had identified three residues on the alpha-neurotoxin from Naja mossambica mossambica (Lys27, Arg33, and Lys47) and four residues on the mouse(More)
We have developed a high yield technique for isolating ventricular myocytes from adult mouse hearts. This collagenase-trypsin procedure yields 3-6x10(6)cells/heart. The cells are rod-shaped, roughly 20 microM x 100 microM and Ca(++)tolerant, with viability of 65-80%. Binding studies with [(125)I]ICYP demonstrate the presence of beta -adrenergic receptors at(More)
A soluble, monomeric form of acetylcholinesterase from mouse (mAChE), truncated at its carboxyl-terminal end, was generated from a cDNA encoding the glycophospholipid-linked form of the mouse enzyme by insertion of an early stop codon at position 549. Insertion of the cDNA behind a cytomegalovirus promoter and selection by aminoglycoside resistance in(More)
We have resolved multiple forms of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE) in whole rat ventricle and in isolated rat ventricular myocytes by use of anion-exchange high-performance liquid chromatography. One major form, the soluble calmodulin-stimulated PDE, is apparently absent from isolated myocytes. We discern four peaks of PDE activity (designated A-D(More)
Fasciculin, a selective peptidic inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase, is a member of the three-fingered peptide toxin superfamily isolated from snake venoms. The availability of a crystal structure of a fasciculin 2 (Fas2)-acetylcholinesterase complex affords an opportunity to examine in detail the interaction of this toxin with its target site. To this end,(More)
Peptide toxins selective for particular subunit interfaces of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor have proven invaluable in assigning candidate residues located in the two binding sites and for determining probable orientations of the bound peptide. We report here on a short alpha-neurotoxin from Naja mossambica mossambica (NmmI) that, similar to other(More)