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BACKGROUND Uveal melanoma is the most common intraocular cancer. There are no effective therapies for metastatic disease. Mutations in GNAQ, the gene encoding an alpha subunit of heterotrimeric G proteins, are found in 40% of uveal melanomas. METHODS We sequenced exon 5 of GNAQ and GNA11, a paralogue of GNAQ, in 713 melanocytic neoplasms of different(More)
The clinical benefit and steroid-sparing effect of treatment with the anti-immunoglobulin-E (IgE) antibody, omalizumab, was assessed in patients with moderate-to-severe allergic asthma. After a run-in period, 546 allergic asthmatics (aged 12-76 yrs), symptomatic despite inhaled corticosteroids (500-1,200 microg daily of beclomethasone dipropionate), were(More)
PURPOSE The role of miR-34a, a p53-regulated microRNA, in retinoblastoma (RB) was investigated. METHODS The expression of miR-34 family members in RB cells was determined by semiquantitative RT-PCR and real-time qPCR. Regulation of miR-34a expression by p53-activating compounds was determined by qPCR analysis. The tumor suppressor functions of miR-34a in(More)
PURPOSE We previously determined that intravenous administration of rituximab results in limited penetration of this agent into the leptomeningeal space. Systemic rituximab does not reduce the risk of CNS relapse or dissemination in patients with large cell lymphoma. We therefore conducted a phase I dose-escalation study of intrathecal rituximab monotherapy(More)
BACKGROUND We tested the safety of a nonviral somatic-cell gene-therapy system in patients with severe hemophilia A. METHODS An open-label, phase 1 trial was conducted in six patients with severe hemophilia A. Dermal fibroblasts obtained from each patient by skin biopsy were grown in culture and transfected with a plasmid containing sequences of the gene(More)
Retinoblastoma is curable when diagnosed early and treated appropriately; however, the prognosis is dismal when the basic elements of diagnosis and treatment are lacking. In developing countries, poor education, lower socioeconomic conditions, and inefficient health care systems result in delayed diagnosis and suboptimal care. Furthermore, the complexity of(More)
Genomic instability appears to play an important role in the development, growth, invasiveness, and eventual metastasis of the neoplastic cell. We have used a powerful new technique, comparative genomic hybridization, to evaluate genetic alterations in 10 fresh frozen uveal melanomas. Comparative genomic hybridization utilizes dual fluorescence in situ(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate current practice patterns in diagnostic screening for asymptomatic metastatic uveal melanoma. DESIGN Survey. PARTICIPANTS Ocular oncologists practicing in North America (United States, Canada) and Europe. METHODS Questionnaire sent to specialists participating in the Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study (COMS) or listed in the(More)
OBJECTIVES To identify risk factors for metastatic disease on histopathologic specimens of enucleated eyes from patients with unilateral retinoblastoma, and to evaluate the value of chemoprophylaxis in preventing disease dissemination. METHODS Medical records from patients with unilateral retinoblastoma who underwent primary enucleation were reviewed at(More)
Ongoing studies based on gene expression profile analysis using microarrays have provided preliminary evidence for significant molecular distinctions between primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) and nodal lymphomas of the large B-cell type. The application of array-based comparative genomic hybridization techniques attempts to identify genomic(More)