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Numerous studies have indicated a protective effect of male circumcision against acquisition of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1. We investigated mechanisms responsible for the possible increased HIV-1 susceptibility of human foreskin. Foreskins from eight pediatric and six adult patients with (n = 3) and without (n = 11) histories of sexually(More)
Ligand-complexed C-reactive protein (CRP), like aggregated or complexed IgG, can react with C1q and activate the classical C pathway. Whereas IgG is known to bind to the globular region and not to the collagen-like region (CLR) of C1q, the site of interaction of C1q with CRP has not been defined. CRP-trimers were prepared by cross-linking and found to bind(More)
Multiple mAb to human C-reactive protein (CRP) were prepared which reacted preferentially with either native CRP, modified CRP (expressing "neo-CRP" determinants) or both forms of the molecule. These mAb were divided into four groups according to their binding characteristics to various CRP preparations and CRP peptides by using a combination of ELISA, dot(More)
It has previously been reported that human C-reactive protein (CRP) can exist in at least two molecular conformations distinguished by antigenic, electrophoretic and ligand-binding reactivities. In the present study we describe the formation, detection and distinctiveness of a conformation expressing a CRP neoantigen (neo-CRP), and report that this form is(More)
C-reactive protein (CRP) is a Ca2+-binding protein composed of five identical 23-kDa subunits arranged as a cyclic pentamer, present in greatly elevated concentration in the blood during the acute phase of processes involving tissue injury and necrosis. In the present work, it was found that treatment of human CRP with Pronase or Nagarse protease produces(More)
Activation of murine T cells by antigen, antibodies binding the T cell antigen receptor, or stimulatory anti-Thy-1 antibodies results in rapid phosphorylation of the T cell receptor zeta chain on tyrosine residues. The T cell receptor is itself unlikely to be a tyrosine kinase; rather, it is probable that this receptor is coupled to a nonreceptor tyrosine(More)
We have reported that human C-reactive protein (huCRP) can exist in two antigenically distinct forms which are observed as the native, pentameric, phosphorylcholine (PC)-binding CRP ("native-huCRP antigen"), and as a conformationally and physicochemically distinct free huCRP subunit ("neo-huCRP antigen"), respectively. We have demonstrated that forms of(More)
Longitudinal studies were carried out in the rabbit model to determine alterations in the concentration and density distribution of plasma lipids and apolipoproteins during the acute phase response (APR) characterized by elevated levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and serum amyloid A (SAA). Twelve hr after the intramuscular injection of croton oil, SAA was(More)
Protamine sulfate was found to consume large amounts of C selectively during preincubation with sera of individuals in the "acute phase". Marked depletion of C1, C4, and C2 with minimal, if any, depletion of C3-9, was observed. The consumption was time and temperature dependent, occurring most rapidly and extensively at 37 degrees C, 0.10 M relative salt(More)
The binding of antigen to the multicomponent T-cell receptor (TCR) activates several signal transduction pathways via coupling mechanisms that are poorly understood. One event that follows antigen receptor engagement is the activation of inositol phospholipid-specific phospholipase C (PLC). TCR activation by antigen, lectins, or anti-TCR monoclonal antibody(More)