Joan N Siegel

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Numerous studies have indicated a protective effect of male circumcision against acquisition of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1. We investigated mechanisms responsible for the possible increased HIV-1 susceptibility of human foreskin. Foreskins from eight pediatric and six adult patients with (n = 3) and without (n = 11) histories of sexually(More)
It has previously been reported that human C-reactive protein (CRP) can exist in at least two molecular conformations distinguished by antigenic, electrophoretic and ligand-binding reactivities. In the present study we describe the formation, detection and distinctiveness of a conformation expressing a CRP neoantigen (neo-CRP), and report that this form is(More)
Longitudinal studies were carried out in the rabbit model to determine alterations in the concentration and density distribution of plasma lipids and apolipoproteins during the acute phase response (APR) characterized by elevated levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and serum amyloid A (SAA). Twelve hr after the intramuscular injection of croton oil, SAA was(More)
Ligand-complexed C-reactive protein (CRP), like aggregated or complexed IgG, can react with C1q and activate the classical C pathway. Whereas IgG is known to bind to the globular region and not to the collagen-like region (CLR) of C1q, the site of interaction of C1q with CRP has not been defined. CRP-trimers were prepared by cross-linking and found to bind(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if low level, persistent, HIV-1 replication within specific immune cells contributes to HIV-1-specific immune responsiveness. DESIGN We analyzed 59 HIV-1-infected subjects on stable highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) therapy (not including zidovudine) with suppressed plasma viremia (< 400 copies/ml) for phenotypic and(More)
The binding of antigen to the multicomponent T-cell receptor (TCR) activates several signal transduction pathways via coupling mechanisms that are poorly understood. One event that follows antigen receptor engagement is the activation of inositol phospholipid-specific phospholipase C (PLC). TCR activation by antigen, lectins, or anti-TCR monoclonal antibody(More)
We report that alpha1-acid glycoprotein (AAG), a naturally occurring human plasma protein and acute phase reactant of uncertain biological function, inhibits human neutrophil aggregation and superoxide anion generation induced by a variety of stimuli including zymosan treated serum, formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine and phorbol myristate acetate.(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare and contrast two enzyme immunoassay systems: the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), which utilizes polystyrene microtiter plates as the adsorptive surface and the enzyme-linked immunoflow assay (ELIFA), which utilizes nitrocellulose membranes. The principal parameter under scrutiny was the denaturing or(More)
Cationic homopolymers of poly-L-lysine were found to activate complement (C) via C-reactive protein (CRP) and deplete C3 and C5 as well as early-acting C components. Maximum C consumption was obtained with polymers of 2,000-8,000 daltons; polymers of 1,700, 11,000, and 23,000 daltons were intermediate in reactivity, while L-lysine, lysyl-L-lysine,(More)
The intensity of Lyl+T helper and delayed type hypersensitivity effector cell activities is governed, in part, by an interplay between two classes of immunoregulatory T cells: suppressor cells and contrasuppressor cells. We asked whether histamine, at concentrations and duration of exposure that we calculated might be achieved at local sites of(More)