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Interactions of killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) with major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I ligands diversify natural killer cell responses to infection. By analyzing sequence variation in diverse human populations, we show that the KIR3DL1/S1 locus encodes two lineages of polymorphic inhibitory KIR3DL1 allotypes that recognize Bw4(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown associations between low mannose-binding lectin (MBL) level or variant MBL2 genotype and sepsis susceptibility. However, MBL deficiency has not been rigorously defined, and associations with sepsis outcomes have not been subjected to multivariable analysis. METHODS We reanalyzed MBL results in a large cohort with use(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells contribute to the essential functions of innate immunity and reproduction. Various genes encode NK cell receptors that recognize the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) Class I molecules expressed by other cells. For primate NK cells, the killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) are a variable and rapidly evolving family(More)
The aetiology of Behçet's disease (BD) is still unknown, but genetic and environmental factors are involved. HLA-B*51 is considered a susceptibility marker and some MICA alleles have also been associated. Cytotoxic T lymphocytes have been suggested as responsible for BD lesions by engaging MICA through NKG2D surface molecules. In the present study, HLA-B(More)
'Chueta' was the name given to the Catholic descendants of Jewish victims of the last Spanish Inquisition process in Majorca Island in the western Mediterranean. We have studied the allele distribution of HLA-A, -B, -Cw, -DRB1 and -DQB1 loci of 103 random, healthy, unrelated individuals belonging to the ancient Majorcan Jewish community, known locally as(More)
The objective of this work was to study the role of mannose-binding lectin (MBL) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in pneumococcal pneumonia, to determine whether MBL acts as an acute-phase reactant and whether the severity of the disease correlates with MBL levels. The study comprised 100 patients with pneumococcal pneumonia. The pneumonia severity score was(More)
Apoptosis is now recognized as a central process of development and disease, and it has been proposed as one of the mechanisms that may account for the lymphopenia seen in some diseases. In this study we measured spontaneous apoptosis and CD95 expression on different cell subpopulations from CVID patients, using flow cytometric techniques. We divided our(More)
In this paper we describe the clinical and molecular features of a new case (GOR) of homozygous human TAP2 deficiency, analysing the phenotype and function of NK cells. The patient presented from infancy with recurrent sinopulmonary infections; a selective IgG2 deficiency, negative antibody response to polysaccharide vaccination and low level of cell(More)
The major histocompatibility complex class I chain-related A (MICA) gene is located 46 kb centromeric of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B and is highly polymorphic, similar to HLA genes. This allelic variation may influence the affinity of MICA molecules to their receptor on natural killer, gammadelta T and CD8+ T cells, NKG2D, and the immune response to(More)
This is a randomized trial to compare the immunoglobulin G response and the antibody avidity after two pneumococcal vaccinations, conjugated pneumococcal vaccine (CPV) and polysaccharide pneumococcal vaccine (PPV) 4 weeks after vs. PPV alone in 202 HIV-infected adults. There were no differences in the two strategies, either in the percentage of(More)