Joan Mascort

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Diagnosis of dementia of the Alzheimer's type depends on clinical criteria and exclusion of other disorders because, at this time, a validated biological marker, aside from histological brain examination, remains to be established. The canine counterpart of senile dementia of the Alzheimer type (ccSDAT) is considered a promising model for examining(More)
Single and double-labeling immunocytochemistry has been used to learn about the localization, distribution, and possible relationship between beta-amyloid protein (Aβ) deposition and tau hyperphosphorylation in the canine cerebral cortex with age. Behavioral impairment, as reported by the owners and tested in all dogs, correlated with increased Aβ burden in(More)
A dog being treated with meglumine antimonate for leishmaniasis was examined because of anorexia, vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, and signs of abdominal discomfort. The history, physical examination findings, clinicopathologic abnormalities, and results of coagulation testing were compatible with a diagnosis of renal failure and disseminated intravascular(More)
The specific functional and pathological alterations observed in Alzheimer's disease are less severe in the cerebellum than in other brain areas, particularly the entorhinal cortex and hippocampus. Since dense core amyloid-beta plaque formation has been associated with an acetylcholinesterase heterogeneous nucleator action, we examined if an(More)
The aged dog is considered a promising model for examining molecular and cellular processes involved in a variety of human neurological disorders. By using the canine counterpart of senile dementia of the Alzheimer's type (ccSDAT), we investigated the specific vulnerability of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) cortical subset of interneurons, characterized(More)
In rat brain, calcification associated with excitotoxicity has been proposed to play a protective role, whereas in human brain, nonartherosclerotic calcification is present in several pathological conditions without any clear significance. To determine if calcification can be viewed as a protective step of calcium homeostasis during chronic and acute(More)
Two female Yorkshire terrier puppies were presented with generalized tonic-clonic seizures and ataxia. MRI revealed bilaterally symmetrical, diffuse regions of gray matter hyperintensity on T2-weighted and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery sequences. Urinary organic acids were quantified by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy and were consistent with a(More)
A Pekingese dog with hemivertebrae, rib malformations and spinal cord dysraphism without spina bifida was presented. Two types of hemivertebrae were seen: bilateral and unilateral. Thoracic hemivertebrae were associated with fused ribs and rudimentary ribs. Spinal dysraphism consisted of polycavitary syringomyelia in the dorsal and lateral funiculi,(More)
A 14-month-old female crossbreed dog with leishmaniasis, receiving allopurinol, was presented with acute paraplegia. A diagnosis of renal failure with pelvic limb lower motor neuron signs was made and the dog was euthanased. Histopathological examination demonstrated leukocytoclastic vasculitis in multiple organs. Malacia and haemorrhage affecting the(More)
Like humans, canines develop with aging β-amyloid (Aβ) plaques and a progressive cognitive deficit on tasks similar to those used in diagnosis and follow-up of Alzheimer’s disease. Owing to that, dogs are quite unique to investigate the early events taking place in the diffuse Aβ plaque maturation and its relationship with cognitive deficit. The aim of the(More)