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The aquaporins are a family of transmembrane proteins that function as molecular water channels. Recently, a mercurial-insensitive water channel [MIWC or aquaporin-4 (AQP4)] has been cloned, and its mRNA was found to be expressed strongly in kidney inner medulla and several nonrenal tissues. We prepared affinity-purified polyclonal antipeptide antibodies to(More)
The aquaporins are a family of water channels expressed in several water-transporting tissues, including the kidney. We have used a peptide-derived, affinity-purified polyclonal antibody to aquaporin-3 (AQP-3) to investigate its localization and regulation in the kidney. Immunoblotting experiments showed expression in both renal cortex and medulla, with(More)
OBJECTIVE Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is thought to be coincidental in patients with idiopathic Parkinson disease (IPD). We sought to examine the prevalence of PN in a population of IPD patients and a potential relationship to levodopa use and fasting methylmalonic acid (MMA) levels. METHODS In a prospective cohort study, IPD patients randomly selected(More)
Vesicle targeting proteins ("SNAREs") have been proposed to direct vasopressin-induced trafficking of aquaporin-2 water channels in kidney collecting ducts. A newly identified SNARE protein, SNAP-23, is proposed to mediate vesicle targeting to the plasma membrane in diverse tissues. The current studies were done to determine whether SNAP-23 is expressed in(More)
UT-A1 is an extremely hydrophobic 929-amino acid integral membrane protein, expressed in the renal inner medullary collecting duct, with a central role in the urinary concentrating mechanism. Previous immunoblotting studies in rats have revealed that UT-A1 is present in kidney in 97- and 117-kDa monomeric forms and that the relative abundance of the two(More)
To test the hypothesis that the abundance of the apical urea transporter of the inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD) is regulated in vivo by factors associated with altered water balance, immunoblots of rat inner medullary membrane fractions were probed with rabbit polyclonal antibodies against the renal urea transporter (RUT) gene product. In inner(More)
Hemodynamic variables were measured in 20 young pigs; thirteen received subcutaneous implantations of desoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA) impregnated in Silastic strips, seven received implants of Silastic strips alone and served as controls. No salt was added to the standard diet of either group. Mean arterial pressure (MAP) rose in a regular pattern in(More)
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