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The amyloid cascade hypothesis suggests that the aggregation and deposition of amyloid-beta protein is an initiating event in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Using amyloid imaging technology, such as the positron emission tomography (PET) agent Pittsburgh compound-B (PiB), it is possible to explore the natural history of preclinical amyloid deposition in people(More)
Whether all etiologic forms of Alzheimer's disease (AD) share a final common pathway is a major issue. We determined the severity and regional distribution of neuronal loss, amyloid plaques, neuritic plaques (NPs), and neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs), and calculated the ratio of neuronal loss to NPs and NFTs in brains of 19 familial AD (FAD) patients with(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is caused by multiple genetic and/or environmental etiologies. Because differences in the genetically determined pathogenesis may cause differences in the phenotype, we examined age at onset and age at death in 90 subjects with dominantly inherited AD due to different mutations (amyloid precursor protein, presenilin-1, and(More)
Clinical features at the initial examination of 42 patients with probable Alzheimer's disease were tested for prognostic value at subsequent follow-up of 54 +/- 25 months. These potential prognostic features were of three types: degree of severity features (eg, IQ scores); variable clinical features (eg, extrapyramidal signs); and individual distinguishing(More)
CSF amyloid beta-peptide 42 (Abeta42) levels in presymptomatic subjects with pathogenic mutations in the PS1 gene are significantly lower than in an age-matched control group. Consequently, in these subjects, there is a window of opportunity estimated as at least 4 to 12 years to evaluate the ability of any putative prophylactic therapy to decrease, arrest,(More)
The functional properties and topographic distribution of event-related potential (ERP) components elicited by visual discrimination of orientation, spatial frequency, spatial location, and color were investigated. ERPs were recorded from 28 electrode sites from 16 adult subjects. Five ERP components were measured: N1 (peak latency = 160 ms), P2 (250 ms),(More)
It has been proposed that early-onset familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD) and sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD) have different causes, with FAD due to a single dominant gene with disease onset before the sixth decade, whereas sporadic AD has a later onset and is not associated with a dominant pattern of inheritance. Given these differences, we questioned(More)
The relationship of P3 latency of the event-related potential (ERP) to psychometric performance was investigated in 41 subjects who ranged in age from 20 to 88 years. P3 responses were recorded from subjects using an auditory oddball paradigm with and without task-demands. Subjects also received psychometric tests of verbal performance, visuospatial(More)
Among elderly people who do not present with complaints of memory impairment, dementia is often missed by physicians, and time-consuming screening tests requiring expertise to administer and interpret are rarely done. Easily administered, reliable and cost effective dementia screening tests are needed for elderly individuals. The "pencil and paper"(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the usefulness, the sensitivity, and the specificity of the Cognitive Assessment. Screening Test (CAST), a paper-and-pencil self-administered cognitive test designed to screen elderly people for possible dementia, for use in general physicians' offices, requiring little expertise or staff time. CAST consists of three(More)