Joan M. Stevenson

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We review data from our laboratory related to a view of dyslexia as a biological disorder, or deficit, caused by both structural and functional brain abnormalities. The review is focused on central auditory processing in dyslexia, and the possibility that impairments in the auditory or acoustic features of the phonological code may be at the heart of the(More)
A reduction or reversal of the normal leftward asymmetry of the planum temporale (PT) has been claimed to be typical of dyslexia, although some recent studies have challenged this view. In a population-based study of 20 right-handed dyslexic boys and 20 matched controls, we have measured the PT and the adjacent planum parietale (PP) region in sagittal(More)
Inertial motion sensors (IMSs) combine three sensors to produce a reportedly stable and accurate orientation estimate in three dimensions. Although accuracy has been reported within the range of 2 deg of error by manufacturers, the sensors are rarely tested in the challenging motion present in human motion. Their accuracy was tested in static, quasistatic,(More)
This study sought to investigate the normal muscle fibre size and type distribution of the human erector spinae, both in thoracic and lumbar regions, in a group of 31 young healthy male (n = 17) and female (n = 14) volunteers. Two percutaneous muscle biopsy samples were obtained under local anaesthesia, from the belly of the left erector spinae, at the(More)
Parents, educators and researchers have expressed concern about the long term impacts of children carrying excessive loads in their backpacks on a daily basis. Although many researchers have investigated appropriate weight limits for children's packs, little research has been conducted on the design of children's backpacks. The purpose of this study was to(More)
STUDY DESIGN This was a cross-sectional study carried out on a group of 31 healthy, consenting volunteers with no history of low back pain (17 men, 14 women). OBJECTIVES To evaluate the relationship between electromyographic measures of erector spinae fatigability and the muscle's fiber type characteristics. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Using(More)
BACKGROUND No research to date has been able to discriminate differences in lifting technique for healthy individuals who eventually develop low back pain compared to those that do not while employed in a manual materials handling industry. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the ability of principal component analysis to identify differences in(More)
BACKGROUND One limiting factor in lifting research design has been the inability to effectively analyze waveform data, especially when differences in body mass, height, and load magnitude influence the derived kinetic variables. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the sensitivity of principal component analysis to quantify clinically relevant(More)
A method by which the location of vertebral bodies can be estimated from the external profile of the spine in the sagittal plane is described. The technique involves a normalization of the curve from T1 to L5 and approximation using a cubic spline. Mapping functions are developed that enable the transformation of a skin profile to a vertebral centroid(More)
The local dynamic stability of trunk movements was assessed during repetitive lifting using nonlinear Lyapunov analyses. The goal was to assess how varying the load-in-hands affects the neuromuscular control of lumbar spinal stability. Thirty healthy participants (15M, 15F) performed repetitive lifting at 10 cycles per minute for three minutes under two(More)