Joan M. Chisholm

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Fatty-acid-binding protein (FABP) from the flight muscle of the locust, Schistocerca gregaria, is similar to mammalian heart FABP in its primary structure and biochemical characteristics. We have studied developmental changes using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, RNA hybridization and electron microscopy of immunogold-labeled sections. Locust muscle(More)
Tomato ringspot nepovirus (TomRSV) RNA-1 encodes a putative NTP-binding protein (NTB), a putative viral genome-linked protein (VPg), a putative RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (Pol) and a serine-like protease (Pro), which have been suggested to be involved in viral RNA replication. Proteolytic processing of protease precursors containing these proteins was(More)
Arabis mosaic virus is a subgroup A nepovirus. The RNA1-encoded polyprotein (P1) contains the domains for the NTP-binding protein (NTB), VPg, proteinase (Pro) and polymerase at its C-terminus. Putative cleavage sites delineating these domains have been proposed. However, the number and location of cleavage sites upstream of the NTB domain are not known.(More)
The cytosol of flight muscle from the adult desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria, contains a fatty acid binding protein (FABP). Locust FABP has a molecular weight of 15,000 and an isoelectric point of 5.2. It binds fatty acids stoichiometrically in a 1:1 ratio. Its molecular characteristics, tissue specificity and electrophoretic behavior are reminiscent of(More)
The genome sequence of tomato ringspot virus (ToRSV, a subgroup C nepovirus) is currently available for one raspberry isolate. In this study, we describe the complete genome sequence of three additional isolates from raspberry (Rasp1-2014), grapevine (GYV-2014) and prunus (13C280). The degree of nucleotide sequence identity shared between RNA1 and RNA2 in(More)
M-FABP from flight muscle of the locust,Schistocerca gregaria, is similar to mammalian H-FABP in its physical characteristics and amino acid sequence. We have studied developmental changes using ELISA, Northern Blotting, and EM/immuno-gold techniques. M-FABP is found in cytoplasm and nuclei, but not in mitochondria. It is the most abundant soluble muscle(More)
The NTB-VPg protein of Tomato ringspot nepovirus is an integral membrane protein found in association with endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-derived membranes active in virus replication. A transmembrane helix present in a hydrophobic region at the C terminus of the NTB domain was previously shown to traverse the membranes, resulting in the translocation of the(More)
Eukaryotic initiation factor eIF(iso)4E binds to the cap structure of mRNAs leading to assembly of the translation complex. This factor also interacts with the potyvirus VPg and this interaction has been correlated with virus infectivity. In this study, we show an interaction between eIF(iso)4E and the proteinase (Pro) of a nepovirus (Tomato ringspot virus;(More)
Replication of Tomato ringspot virus (ToRSV) occurs in association with endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-derived membranes. We have previously shown that the putative nucleotide triphosphate-binding protein (NTB) of ToRSV is an ER-targeted protein and that an intermediate polyprotein containing the domains for NTB and for the genome-linked viral protein (VPg) is(More)
The NTB-VPg polyprotein from tomato ringspot virus is an integral membrane replication protein associated with endoplasmic reticulum membranes. A signal peptidase (SPase) cleavage was previously detected in the C-terminal region of NTB-VPg downstream of a 14 amino acid (aa)-long hydrophobic region (termed TM2). However, the exact location of the cleavage(More)