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The phosphorylation of ribosomal protein S6 is thought to be required for biosynthesis of the cell's translational apparatus, a critical component of cell growth and proliferation. We have studied the signal transduction pathways involved in hepatic S6 phosphorylation during late gestation in the rat. This is a period during which hepatocytes show a high(More)
We previously isolated and characterized a coding region determinant-binding protein (CRD-BP) that might regulate c-myc mRNA post-transcriptionally. CRD-BP binds specifically to the coding region of c-myc mRNA and might stabilize c-myc mRNA in vitro by protecting it from endonucleolytic cleavage. Since c-myc abundance is regulated during embryonic(More)
We have studied the role of protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPases) during neuronal differentiation of PC12 cells. Nerve growth factor (NGF), a well-characterized differentiating agent for these cells, led to a decrease in DNA synthesis within 24 h. This was accompanied by a 2- to 3-fold increase in the activity of PTPases, measured as the dephosphorylation(More)
The involvement of tyrosine phosphorylation in insulin action led us to hypothesize that increased activity of protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPases) might contribute to insulin resistance in alloxan diabetes in the rat. Hepatic PTPase activity was measured using two artificial substrates phosphorylated on tyrosine: reduced, carboxyamidomethylated, and(More)
Polypeptide hormone signal transmission by receptor tyrosine kinases requires the rapid reversal of tyrosine phosphorylation by protein phosphotyrosine phosphatases (PPTPases). We studied hepatic PPTPases in the rat with emphasis on acute and chronic regulation by insulin. PPTPase activity with artificial substrates ([32P]Tyr-reduced,(More)
We compared the ability of Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF) and Transforming Growth Factor alpha (TGF alpha) to transduce a mitogenic signal via their common receptor, the EGF receptor, in primary cultures of fetal rat hepatocytes. Mitogenic potency, measured as DNA synthesis, was similar in response to EGF and TGF alpha although signal initiation, measured as(More)
Perturbations of fetal growth produce parallel but disproportionate changes in fetal liver growth that correlate with circulating fetal insulin concentration. We have studied the effects of insulin and two hepatotrophic factors, transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF alpha) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), on DNA synthesis by fetal and adult rat(More)
Regulation of cell growth and metabolism by protein tyrosine phosphorylation involves dephosphorylation via the action of protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPases). We have characterized the membrane PTPases in rat liver, monitoring their activity by measuring the dephosphorylation of P-Tyr-reduced, carboxyamidomethylated and maleylated lysozyme (P-Tyr-RCML)(More)
We have observed dephosphorylation of the soluble, 48 kDa insulin receptor tyrosine kinase domain following its tyrosine autophosphorylation. Dephosphorylation was associated with generation of inorganic phosphate, thereby making catalysis by reversal of the kinase reaction unlikely. The kinase domain preparations could not be shown to contain detectable,(More)