Joan M. Boylan

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We have studied the role of protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPases) during neuronal differentiation of PC12 cells. Nerve growth factor (NGF), a well-characterized differentiating agent for these cells, led to a decrease in DNA synthesis within 24 h. This was accompanied by a 2- to 3-fold increase in the activity of PTPases, measured as the dephosphorylation(More)
Resveratrol is a plant-derived polyphenol that extends lifespan and healthspan in model organism. Despite extensive investigation, the biological processes mediating resveratrol's effects have yet to be elucidated. Because repression of translation shares many of resveratrol's beneficial effects, we hypothesized that resveratrol was a modulator of protein(More)
BACKGROUND Our understanding of signal transduction networks in the physiological context of an organism remains limited, partly due to the technical challenge of identifying serine/threonine phosphorylated peptides from complex tissue samples. In the present study, we focused on signaling through the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) complex 1 (mTORC1),(More)
BACKGROUND The mTOR inhibitor rapamycin has anti-tumor activity across a variety of human cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma. However, resistance to its growth inhibitory effects is common. We hypothesized that hepatic cell lines with varying rapamycin responsiveness would show common characteristics accounting for resistance to the drug. (More)
Insulin has long been assigned a key role in the regulation of growth and metabolism during fetal life. Our prior observations indicated that hepatic insulin signaling is attenuated in the late-gestation fetal rat. Therefore, we studied the perinatal ontogeny of hepatic insulin signaling extending from phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) to the ribosome.(More)
The mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) integrates growth factor signaling, nutrient abundance, cell growth, and proliferation. On the basis of our interest in somatic growth in the late gestation fetus, we characterized the role of mTOR in the regulation of hepatic gene expression and translation initiation in fetal and adult rats. Our strategy was to(More)
We have investigated the regulation of translation during the period of rapid liver growth that occurs at the end of gestation in the rat. This work was based on our prior observation that fetal hepatocyte proliferation is resistant to the inhibitory effects of rapamycin, an inhibitor of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), a nutrient-sensing kinase(More)
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