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The phosphorylation of ribosomal protein S6 is thought to be required for biosynthesis of the cell's translational apparatus, a critical component of cell growth and proliferation. We have studied the signal transduction pathways involved in hepatic S6 phosphorylation during late gestation in the rat. This is a period during which hepatocytes show a high(More)
We previously isolated and characterized a coding region determinant-binding protein (CRD-BP) that might regulate c-myc mRNA post-transcriptionally. CRD-BP binds specifically to the coding region of c-myc mRNA and might stabilize c-myc mRNA in vitro by protecting it from endonucleolytic cleavage. Since c-myc abundance is regulated during embryonic(More)
Regulation of cell growth and metabolism by protein tyrosine phosphorylation involves dephosphorylation via the action of protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPases). We have characterized the membrane PTPases in rat liver, monitoring their activity by measuring the dephosphorylation of P-Tyr-reduced, carboxyamidomethylated and maleylated lysozyme (P-Tyr-RCML)(More)
Rapamycin is an inhibitor of the mammalian Target of Rapamycin, mTOR, a nutrient-sensing signaling kinase and a key regulator of cell growth and proliferation. While rapamycin and related compounds have anti-tumor activity, a prevalent characteristic of cancer cells is resistance to their anti-proliferative effects. Our studies on nutrient regulation of(More)
During normal development in the rat, hepatocytes undergo marked changes in the rate of proliferation. We have previously observed transient G(1) growth arrest at term, re-activation of proliferation immediately after birth, and a gradual transition to the quiescent adult hepatocyte phenotype after postnatal day 4. We hypothesized that these changes in(More)
BACKGROUND Our understanding of signal transduction networks in the physiological context of an organism remains limited, partly due to the technical challenge of identifying serine/threonine phosphorylated peptides from complex tissue samples. In the present study, we focused on signaling through the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) complex 1 (mTORC1),(More)
Stimulation of cell proliferation by mitogens involves tyrosine phosphorylation of proteins at the cell membrane by receptor tyrosine kinases. This promotes formation of multi-protein complexes that can activate the small G-protein, Ras. Activation of Ras, in turn, leads to sequential activation of the following three serine-threonine kinases: Raf,(More)
Resveratrol is a plant-derived polyphenol that extends lifespan and healthspan in model organism. Despite extensive investigation, the biological processes mediating resveratrol's effects have yet to be elucidated. Because repression of translation shares many of resveratrol's beneficial effects, we hypothesized that resveratrol was a modulator of protein(More)
We have studied the role of protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPases) during neuronal differentiation of PC12 cells. Nerve growth factor (NGF), a well-characterized differentiating agent for these cells, led to a decrease in DNA synthesis within 24 h. This was accompanied by a 2- to 3-fold increase in the activity of PTPases, measured as the dephosphorylation(More)