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In the validation of medical expert systems, agreement among different human specialists on a random sample of cases may be taken as a substitute to a missing gold standard. Distance measures between pairs of experts, extensively described in previous studies, do not take into account the influence of chance-expected agreement. A weighted kappa index, with(More)
Aim. The interaction between vitamin D deficiency and primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is not fully understood. The aim of this study was to investigate whether patients with PHPT from Spain and Sweden differed in vitamin D status and PHPT disease activity before and after surgery. Methods. We compared two cohorts of postmenopausal women from Spain (n =(More)
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