Joan H. Pedersen-Lane

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The nucleotide sequence of a 1,163-base-pair fragment that encodes the entire thyA gene of Escherichia coli K-12 was determined. The strategy involved sequence determination of both DNA strands by using overlapping deletions that had been generated in vitro from the two ends of the fragment with BAL-31 nuclease. The amino-terminal sequence of thymidylate(More)
A method is presented for expressing human thymidylate synthase (TS) to the extent of 25-30% of the protein in Escherichia coli. By this procedure, 200-400 mg of pure enzyme can be obtained from a 2-liter culture of cells. The key to the level of expression appears to be related to the conversion of purine bases in the third, fourth, and fifth codons of the(More)
Previous studies showed that thymidylate synthase (TS), as an RNA binding protein, regulates its own synthesis by impairing the translation of TS mRNA. In this report, we present evidence that p53 expression is affected in a similar manner by TS. For these studies, we used a TS-depleted human colon cancer HCT-C cell that had been transfected with either the(More)
Although the exact etiology of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) remains unknown, there is increasing evidence that reactive oxygen species and a pro-oxidant/antioxidant imbalance are an important part of the pathogenesis of joint tissue injury. Flow cytometry was used to evaluate the thiol status [surface-thiols and intracellular glutathione (iGSH)] of leukocytes(More)
Three group I introns of bacteriophage T4 have been compared with respect to their sequence and structural properties. The introns include the td intervening sequence, as well as the two newly described introns in the nrdB and sunY genes of T4. The T4 introns are very closely related, containing phylogenetically conserved sequence elements that allow them(More)
Escherichia coli thymidylate synthase (TS) is a dimeric protein containing identical subunits. When R126E, an inactive mutant of this enzyme, was incubated at room temperature with other inactive mutants of E. coli, TS enzyme activity gradually reappeared. The rate of activity restoration was dependent on the mutant employed. In the case of C146W, an active(More)
In the present study, the effects of 10- or 100-nm silica oxide (SiO2) NPs on human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were examined. Cytotoxic effects and oxidative stress effects, including glutathione (GSH) depletion, the formation of protein radical species, and pro-inflammatory cytokine responses, were measured. PBMC exposed to 10-nm NP(More)
Random in vitro mutagenesis of the thyA gene is being used to delineate its regulatory elements as well as the functional domains of its product, thymidylate synthase (EC 2.1.1.45). Streamlined procedures have been developed for the isolation and characterization of the mutants. Positive selection for synthase-deficient thyA Escherichia coli permitted the(More)
Several features of the split td gene of phage T4 suggest an RNA processing mechanism analogous to that of the self-splicing rRNA of Tetrahymena and other group I eukaryotic introns. Previous work has revealed conserved sequence elements and the ability of td-encoded RNA to self-splice in vitro. We show here that a noncoded guanosine residue is covalently(More)