Joan H Bryan

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Relationships among the genus Anopheles and its many sibling species-groups are obscure despite the importance of anophelines as the vectors of human malaria. For the first time, the interrelationships and the origin of Australasian members of the subgenus Cellia are investigated by a cladistic analysis of sequence variation within the mitochondrial(More)
Ingestion of Wuchereria bancrofti microfilariae (mf) from humans by 639 Anopheles gambiae, 557 An. arabiensis, 117 An. melas and 9 An. funestus was investigated. The mf densities in blood fell into 3 groups; 0-32mf/ml, 107-122 mf/ml and 421-1140 mf/ml. In An. gambiae and An. arabiensis percentage of mosquitoes ingesting mf was strongly associated with mf(More)
Polytene chromosome studies on the member species of the Anopheles gambiae complex in The Gambia and surrounding areas in Senegal led to comparative observations on bionomics of sympatric populations of An. melas and An. gambiae. Moreover, inversion polymorphisms have been analyzed in An. melas and their possible relationships with behavioural variations in(More)
Four species within the Anopheles punctulatus group of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) were identified by allozyme analysis of samples collected from thirty-three localities in Guadalcanal, Makira, Malaita, Temotu and Western Provinces in the Solomon Islands and six localities on Efate, Espiritu Santo, Maewo and Malekula Islands in Vanuatu. Three of these(More)
The present study investigated the use of insecticide-impregnated bed nets by communities in central Malaita, Solomon Islands. Qualitative and quantitative data were collected by: (1) questionnaire administration to 124 care-givers of children aged 0-10 years of age; (2) 20 focus group discussions; (3) two structured observations of bed net re-impregnation,(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the influence of larval control methods (using temephos, keeping fish and covering containers with lids), water use and weekly cleaning of containers on the presence of Aedes aegypti larvae in water-storage containers in rural and urban households in Khon Kaen province. METHOD Cross-sectional questionnaire survey and larval survey(More)
The Australasian Annulipes Complex is the most species-rich among Anopheles mosquitoes, with at least 15 sibling species suspected. Members of this complex are the most likely vectors of malaria in the past in southern Australia and are involved in the spread of myxomatosis among rabbits. In this, the first comprehensive molecular study of the Annulipes(More)
Microfilariae of Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia pahangi were killed by the chewing action of the cibarial and pharyngeal armatures and other papillae and spines in the fore-gut of mosquitoes. The proportion of ingested microfilariae that were killed was largely dependent on the presence and shape of the cibarial armature. Anopheles farauti No. 1 and(More)
This study assesses the influence of several malaria risk factors and volunteer health worker (VHW) accessibility on parasite prevalence and treatment-seeking in a remote area of Mindanao, the Philippines. An anti-malaria program in the area seeks to devolve malaria diagnosis and treatment to the VHWs. Firstly, the relationship between malaria and(More)
Specimens identified morphologically as Anopheles punctulatus revealed 2 genetically distinct entities in samples collected in the Western Province of Papua New Guinea. We regard one of these species as conspecific with An. punctulatus and the other as a new species designated here as An. sp. near punctulatus.