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Isobolograms have been widely used to characterize the nature of the interaction between combinations of drugs or chemicals. Some authors have applied this technique without accounting for the variability in the data or without adjusting for multiple comparisons to the line of additivity. This paper develops a graphical procedure which takes into account(More)
A nonparametric method for analyzing quantal response data from an indirect bioassay experiment is proposed. Kernel estimates of the dose-response curve are used to develop approximate confidence intervals for (i) the optimal combination dose of a drug with therapeutic effects at low doses and toxic effects at high doses, and (ii) the lethal dose levels of(More)
The effect of pharmacologic manipulation of protein kinase C (PK-C) activity on the response of committed human myeloid progenitor cells (CFU-GM) to recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (rGM-CSF) was assessed. Coadministration of the PK-C activating agents, phorbol dibutyrate (PDBu) or bryostatin 1, with rGM-CSF resulted in a(More)
BACKGROUND El Paso County (Texas) is prone to still air inversions and is one of the dust "hot spots" in North America. In this context, we examined the sub-lethal effects of airborne dust and low wind events on human respiratory health (i.e., asthma and acute bronchitis) between 2000 and 2003, when 110 dust and 157 low wind events occurred. Because(More)
This paper deals with analysis of data from longitudinal studies where the rate of a recurrent event characterizing morbidity is the primary criterion for treatment evaluation. We consider clinical trials which require patients to visit their clinical center at successive scheduled times as part of follow-up. At each visit, the patient reports the number of(More)
BACKGROUND This study explores the role of race, ethnicity, and insurance status in modifying the effects of air pollution on children's asthma hospitalizations in Phoenix, Arizona (US) between 2001 and 2003. While controlling for weather, interactions between nitrous dioxide (NO(2)) and race, ethnicity, and insurance status are used to predict relative(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Linkages between pollution and morbidity have been observed in numerous studies. But race/ethnicity has been underemphasized as a modifier of that association, and few studies have tested for a Hispanic Health Paradox in sensitivity to air pollution. METHODS Daily asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and congestive heart(More)