Joan G. Jones

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Animal models are powerful tools to analyze the mechanism of the induction of human breast cancer. Here we report a detailed analysis of mammary tumor progression in one mouse model of breast cancer caused by expression of the polyoma middle T oncoprotein (PyMT) in the mammary epithelium, and its comparison to human breast tumors. In PyMT mice, four(More)
Detailed evaluation of all steps in tumor cell metastasis is critical for evaluating the cell mechanisms controlling metastasis. Using green fluorescent protein transfectants of metastatic (MTLn3) and nonmetastatic (MTC) cell lines derived from the rat mammary adenocarcinoma 13762 NF, we have measured tumor cell density in the blood, individual tumor cells(More)
Overexpression of elongation factor-1 alpha (EF1 alpha) mRNA has been correlated with increased metastatic potential in mammary adenocarcinoma; however, this relationship was not explored at the level of protein expression. As EF1 alpha has been shown in other cell types to be a component of the actin cytoskeleton, a likely effector in metastasis, the actin(More)
Changes in lamellipod extension and chemotaxis in response to EGF were analysed for MTLn3 cells (a metastatic cell line derived from the 13762NF rat mammary adenocarcinoma). Addition of EGF produced a cessation of ruffling followed by extension of hyaline lamellipods containing increased amounts of F-actin at the growing edge. A non-metastatic cell line(More)
PURPOSE Multiphoton-based intravital imaging has shown that invasive carcinoma cells in mouse and rat mammary tumors intravasate when associated with perivascular macrophages, identifying a potential tumor microenvironment of metastasis (TMEM). We define TMEM as the tripartite arrangement of an invasive carcinoma cell, a macrophage, and an endothelial cell.(More)
Metastasis is the leading cause of death in cancer patients. Cell motility is believed to be a necessary step in the metastatic process (L. Liotta and W. G. Stetler-Stevenson, In: Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, pp. 134-149, 1993). Currently, most methods available to study the behavior of metastatic tumor cells are indirect, e.g., cell(More)
Few cohort studies have examined the association between cigarette smoking and ovarian cancer risk, either overall, or by histological subtype. In relation to the latter, it has been suggested that mucinous ovarian tumours may be aetiologically unrelated to the other types of epithelial tumours and that their respective associations with cigarette smoking(More)
The cyclin D1 gene is overexpressed in human breast cancers and is required for oncogene-induced tumorigenesis. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR gamma) is a nuclear receptor selectively activated by ligands of the thiazolidinedione class. PPAR gamma induces hepatic steatosis, and liganded PPAR gamma promotes adipocyte differentiation.(More)
Eleven patients with diabetic ketoacidosis were given intravenous phosphate in doses (mean 118 mmol; range 83–320 mmol) adequate to maintain normal plasma phosphate, in addition to a standard treatment regime. Prevention of hypophosphataemia stimulated recovery of the initially low red-cell 2,3-diphosphoglycerate concentrations (10.6 ±5.8 (SD) μmol/g Hb)(More)
The actin cytoskeleton is involved in the motility of tumor cells. It has been shown in several cell types that beta-actin mRNA is localized in the protrusions of cells in which actin is actively polymerized, and the ability to localize mRNA is correlated with the efficiency of motility. In this context, we studied the distribution of beta-actin mRNA in two(More)