Joan Francesc Barquinero

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Several European laboratories have combined their research efforts to arrive at a consensus view on using fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) for retrospective dosimetry. The aim of this review is to report these views and to highlight some areas where further work is needed. Translocations in the stable cells should be measured only in the cells that(More)
The current focus on networking and mutual assistance in the management of radiation accidents or incidents has demonstrated the importance of a joined-up approach in physical and biological dosimetry. To this end, the European Radiation Dosimetry Working Group 10 on 'Retrospective Dosimetry' has been set up by individuals from a wide range of disciplines(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate by the fluorescent in-situ hybridization (FISH) technique the dose-response and intercellular distribution of alpha-particle-induced chromosome aberrations. In particular, the validity of using the yield of characteristic types of chromosome abnormalities in stable cells as quantitative indicators for retrospective dose reconstruction(More)
The assessment by biological dosimetry of the dose received in cases of partial-body exposure to ionizing radiation can be underestimated because irradiated lymphocytes are mixed with non-irradiated ones. To determine if the exposure affects the whole body or only part of it, it may be useful to know the distribution of cells with more than one dicentric(More)
Cytogenetic studies were performed in lymphocytes from hospital workers exposed to low doses of radiation (1.6-42.71 mSv). When compared with controls, exposed workers showed a significant increase in structural chromosome-type aberrations, acentric fragments being the most frequent alteration. Our results suggest that acentric fragments are good indicators(More)
Chromosome translocations in peripheral blood lymphocytes of normal, healthy humans increase with age, but the effects of gender, race, and cigarette smoking on background translocation yields have not been examined systematically. Further, the shape of the relationship between age and translocation frequency (TF) has not been definitively determined. We(More)
PURPOSE The European Union's Seventh Framework Programme-funded project 'Multi-disciplinary biodosimetric tools to manage high scale radiological casualties' (MULTIBIODOSE) has developed a multiparametric approach to radiation biodosimetry, with a particular emphasis on triage of large numbers of potentially exposed individuals following accidental(More)
PURPOSE To record the latest information on control levels of translocations in cultured human lymphocytes. MATERIALS AND METHODS Control-level data from seven European laboratories that are using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) techniques for retrospective biological dosimetry have been combined in a meta-analysis. After correction for the(More)
Mass casualty scenarios of radiation exposure require high throughput biological dosimetry techniques for population triage in order to rapidly identify individuals who require clinical treatment. The manual dicentric assay is a highly suitable technique, but it is also very time consuming and requires well trained scorers. In the framework of the(More)
Well-defined protocols and quality management standards are indispensable for biological dosimetry laboratories. Participation in periodic proficiency testing by interlaboratory comparisons is also required. This harmonization is essential if a cooperative network is used to respond to a mass casualty event. Here we present an international intercomparison(More)