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Chromosome translocations in peripheral blood lymphocytes of normal, healthy humans increase with age, but the effects of gender, race, and cigarette smoking on background translocation yields have not been examined systematically. Further, the shape of the relationship between age and translocation frequency (TF) has not been definitively determined. We(More)
Several European laboratories have combined their research efforts to arrive at a consensus view on using fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) for retrospective dosimetry. The aim of this review is to report these views and to highlight some areas where further work is needed. Translocations in the stable cells should be measured only in the cells that(More)
Mass casualty scenarios of radiation exposure require high throughput biological dosimetry techniques for population triage in order to rapidly identify individuals who require clinical treatment. The manual dicentric assay is a highly suitable technique, but it is also very time consuming and requires well trained scorers. In the framework of the(More)
The current focus on networking and mutual assistance in the management of radiation accidents or incidents has demonstrated the importance of a joined-up approach in physical and biological dosimetry. To this end, the European Radiation Dosimetry Working Group 10 on 'Retrospective Dosimetry' has been set up by individuals from a wide range of disciplines(More)
PURPOSE To record the latest information on control levels of translocations in cultured human lymphocytes. MATERIALS AND METHODS Control-level data from seven European laboratories that are using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) techniques for retrospective biological dosimetry have been combined in a meta-analysis. After correction for the(More)
In Europe, a network for biological dosimetry has been created to strengthen the emergency preparedness and response capabilities in case of a large-scale nuclear accident or radiological emergency. Through the RENEB (Realising the European Network of Biodosimetry) project, 23 experienced laboratories from 16 European countries will establish a sustainable(More)
Cytogenetic studies were performed in lymphocytes from hospital workers exposed to low doses of radiation (1.6-42.71 mSv). When compared with controls, exposed workers showed a significant increase in structural chromosome-type aberrations, acentric fragments being the most frequent alteration. Our results suggest that acentric fragments are good indicators(More)
Well-defined protocols and quality management standards are indispensable for biological dosimetry laboratories. Participation in periodic proficiency testing by interlaboratory comparisons is also required. This harmonization is essential if a cooperative network is used to respond to a mass casualty event. Here we present an international intercomparison(More)
In 2011, a serious radiation accident occurred in Stamboliyski, Bulgaria, in an industrial sterilisation facility using very-high-activity (60)Co sources. For the five persons accidentally exposed, biological dosimetry based on dicentric analysis was performed in Sofia and in Paris, where the patients were transferred for treatment. Before completing the(More)
Mammography using 26-30 kVp X rays is routinely used in breast cancer screening. Discussion about the radiation-related risk associated with this methodology is ongoing. For radioprotection purposes, a quality factor of 1 has been assigned for all photon energies. However, the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) could increase as the photon energy(More)