Joan Figuerola

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We study the clinical, management and outcome differences between respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) positive and negative bronchiolitis. A retrospective review of the medical records of children ≤ 2 years of age with acute bronchiolitis between January 1995 and December 2006 was done. There were 2,384 patients hospitalized for acute bronchiolitis, and 1,495(More)
We report a prospective study concerning the efficacy of LLC-MK2 (continuous monkey kidney cell), Hep-2, MDCK (Madin-Darby Canine Kidney), Vero and MRC-5 cell lines, by shell vial assay, and incubation time in the isolation of hMPV from pediatric respiratory samples. The overall sensitivity of the cell lines studied were: 100% for the LLC-MK2, 68.7% for the(More)
Viral cutaneous lesions are frequent in some bird populations, though we are generally ignorant of the causal agent. In some instances, they represent a threat to livestock and wildlife health. We present here a multiplex PCR which detects and distinguishes infection by two such agents, avipoxviruses and papillomaviruses, in avian hosts. We assayed biopsies(More)
We evaluated a rapid point-of-care test for the detection of Chlamydia trachomatis in specimens from 278 sex workers attending sexually transmitted infection clinics in Guatemala. The sensitivity and the specificity of the test compared to the results of PCR were 62.96% and 99.60%, respectively. The test performed moderately well as a screening tool in a(More)
OBJECTIVES Newborn screening strategies for cystic fibrosis (CF) are run worldwide, and aim at the early detection of the disorder to significantly improve the quality of life. Elevated levels of immunoreactive trypsinogen (IRT) represent a high likelihood for the screened child to be affected with CF. However, the specificity of IRT is low. The objective(More)
We submit the case of a child afflicted with a mucoepidermoid bronchial tumor. The patient is a boy, aged seven, who after undergoing antibiotic treatment for six weeks because of a fever and atelectasia-condensation in the right lower lobe showed no signs of clinical improvement and was sent to our department to undergo further study and treatment. A(More)
Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) are characterized by lower respiratory tract infections which generally present as reactivations of their chronic bronchopathy. The microbiological aspects of • these infections have been clearly established, and a progressive variation in the causative microorganisms, related to the age of the patient and the antibiotic(More)
Chronic respiratory infection by Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a major cause of mortality in cystic fibrosis (CF). We investigated the interplay between three key microbiological aspects of these infections: the occurrence of transmissible and persistent strains, the emergence of variants with enhanced mutation rates (mutators) and the evolution of antibiotic(More)
BACKGROUND Gammadelta T cells have an important immunoregulatory and effector function through cytokine release. They are involved in the responses to Gram-negative bacterium and in protection of lung epithelium integrity. On the other hand, they have been implicated in airway inflammation. METHODS The aim of the present work was to study intracytoplasmic(More)
Varicella is a frequent though mild infection in children, but it can cause important morbidity in adults. The most frequent complication in adults is varicella pneumonia. However, lower airway complications associated to varicella have been scarcely studied in children. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of the children hospitalized for(More)