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High doses of light can cause damage to the retina, e.g. during intraocular surgery. Previously, thiols have been demonstrated to protect against retinal damage in various damage models. Such protection is very promising for clinical practice. Retinal light damage can be caused by a relatively short exposure to high irradiance levels. These conditions occur(More)
The water-soluble, hydroxylated fullerene [fullerol, nano-C60(OH)22-26] has several clinical applications including use as a drug carrier to bypass the blood ocular barriers. We have assessed fullerol's potential ocular toxicity by measuring its cytotoxicity and phototoxicity induced by UVA and visible light in vitro with human lens epithelial cells (HLE(More)
  • J E Roberts
  • 2000
The immune system is susceptible to a variety of stresses. Recent work in neuroimmunology has begun to define how mood alteration, stress, the seasons, and daily rhythms can have a profound effect on immune response through hormonal modifications. Central to these factors may be light through an eye-brain hormonal modulation. In adult primates, only visible(More)
The human eye is constantly exposed to sunlight and artificial lighting. Light transmission through the eye is fundamental to its unique biological functions of directing vision and circadian rhythm, and therefore, light absorbed by the eye must be benign. However, exposure to the intense ambient radiation can pose a hazard particularly if the recipient is(More)
PURPOSE Measuring the concentration of oxygen in the aqueous humor without penetrating the eye would provide a new dimension in understanding aqueous humor and corneal dynamics. In this study a preinvasive method was developed for determining the cameral oxygen concentration in anesthetized rabbits by measuring the excited-state lifetime of a phosphorescent(More)
Normally light transmission through the eye is benign and serves to direct vision and circadian rhythm. However, with very intense light exposure, or with ambient light exposure to the aged eye and/or young or adult eye in the presence of light-activated (photosensitizing) drugs or dietary supplements, cosmetics, or diagnostic dyes, light can be hazardous,(More)
St. John's wort (SJW), an over-the-counter antidepressant, contains hypericin, which absorbs light in the UV and visible ranges. In vivo studies have determined that hypericin is phototoxic to skin and our previous in vitro studies with lens tissues have determined that it is potentially phototoxic to the human lens. To determine if hypericin might also be(More)
The adverse effects of sunlight, from melanoma to cataracts, are well known and frequently reported (1). However, because humans evolved under sunlight, it is not surprising that there are many positive effects of light on human health. Light that reaches the human eye has two fundamental biological functions: regulation of the visual cycle and of circadian(More)
  • J E Roberts
  • 1984
Calf lens protein was irradiated with near ultraviolet (UV) light in the presence of the drugs chlorpromazine, promazine, and hematoporphyrin. It then was analyzed by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and amino acid analysis. Marked increases in protein photopolymerization (other than S-S bond formation) and histidine destruction were noted in the(More)
PURPOSE The goal of this study was to determine the potential damage to the human retina that may occur from weightlessness during space flight using simulated microgravity. METHODS Human retinal pigment epithelial (hRPE) cells were cultured for 24 h in a National Aeronautics and Space Administration-designed rotating wall bioreactor vessel to mimic the(More)