Joan E. Harrison

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Two methods were utilized to demonstrate the peroxidation of chloride ion to a free species (HOCl or Cl2) by myeloperoxidase. The peroxidase caused the volatilization of radioactivity from soultions containing hydrogen peroxide and [36Cl]NaCl, and catalyzed the formation of HOCl when solutions contianing these components were passed through a Millipore(More)
The relationship between bone mass and compartments of soft tissue was studied in 22 adolescent women with anorexia nervosa (mean, 17 years). Results were compared to data on age- and gender-matched controls. Bone mass of the lumbar vertebrae and femoral neck, fat and lean tissue was measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Bone mass in the(More)
To determine the effect of suppressive doses of thyroxine (T4) on bone mass, we studied 50 women on suppressive doses of T4 for 3-27 years (mean of 11 years). Twenty-five had nontoxic goiter and 25 had well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma. Fifty controls were matched for age, menopausal status, and body mass index. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured(More)
The effect of two structured exercise programmes on the bone mass of 48 healthy postmenopausal white women aged 50-62 was studied after one year. Volunteers were randomised to group 1 (control), group 2 (aerobic exercise), or group 3 (aerobic and strengthening exercises). Before and after the training programme each subject had evaluations of bone mass(More)
The effect of dietary Ca in response to fluoride (F) treatment was investigated in rats. Rats were maintained on either adequate (0.5%) or high (2.0%) dietary Ca and given for 5 weeks, NaF in drinking water. The minimum NaF levels that inhibited body growth and reduced survival were 300 mg/L with 0.5% diet Ca and 550 mg/L with 2.0% diet Ca. With these toxic(More)
Kyphosis is commonly associated with ageing and osteoporosis of the spine. This study was conducted to evaluate whether physical fitness and bone mass in post menopausal women, between the ages of 50-60 years, may influence the degree of kyphosis. The level of physical fitness was determined by 1) calculating maximum oxygen uptake, (VO2 max), attained by a(More)
Dual-photon absorptiometry using153Gd (44 and 100 keV) was used to measure the bone mineral content (BMC) of the trunk and of the total body (TBBM) in 7 volunteers with no overt bone disease. These values were compared to those obtained with partial-body neutron activation of calcium (trunk Ca). The trunk Ca seemed to represent best a 60 × 30 cm area; the(More)
In vivo neutron activation analysis has been used to measure bone mineral content in the central skeleton where osteoporotic fractures occur. To be of diagnostic value, the results must be normalized for body size. From data obtained from 74 healthy children and adults up to 55 years of age, we have found that the calcium in the central skeleton is(More)