Joan Daniel Martí

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BACKGROUND Strategies for reducing breast cancer mortality in western countries have focused on screening, at least for women aged 50 to 69 years. One of the requirements of any community screening program is to achieve a high participation rate, which is related to methods of invitation. Therefore, it was decided to systematically review the scientific(More)
BACKGROUND Haloperidol is a benchmark, accessible antipsychotic against which the effects of newer treatments are gauged. OBJECTIVES The primary goal of this review is to determine the best range of doses for haloperidol for the treatment of people acutely ill with schizophrenia. SEARCH STRATEGY The reviewers searched Biological Abstracts (1980-1999),(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated the effects of two different types of manual rib cage compression on expiratory flow and mucus clearance during prolonged mechanical ventilation in pigs. DESIGN Prospective randomized animal study. SETTING Animal research facility, University of Barcelona, Spain. SUBJECTS Nine healthy pigs. MEASUREMENT AND MAIN RESULTS(More)
BACKGROUND Improvements in the design of the endotracheal tube (ETT) have been achieved in recent years. We evaluated tracheal injury associated with ETTs with novel high-volume low-pressure (HVLP) cuffs and subglottic secretions aspiration (SSA) and the effects on mucociliary clearance (MCC). METHODS Twenty-nine pigs were intubated with ETTs comprising(More)
OBJECTIVE In the semirecumbent position, gravity-dependent dissemination of pathogens has been implicated in the pathogenesis of ventilator-associated pneumonia. We compared the preventive effects of a ventilatory strategy, aimed at decreasing pulmonary aspiration and enhancing mucus clearance versus the Trendelenburg position. DESIGN Prospective(More)
BACKGROUND When faced with a therapeutic issue, the practice of evidence-based medicine requires efficient access to information derived from controlled clinical trials. The objectives of the study were to locate, with the greatest possible exhaustivity, all controlled clinical trials published in Spanish journals of general medicine, between 1971 and 1995(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical and epidemiological studies have established that malnutritionis a risk factor for infection in patients being submitted to surgery. To date no study has been carried out to establish the association between the nutritional condition and the incidence of hospital-acquired infections in patients in the medical area. We study the incidence(More)