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HER2 is a ligand-less tyrosine kinase receptor of the ErbB family that is frequently overexpressed in breast cancer. It undergoes proteolytic cleavage that results in the release of the extracellular domain and the production of a truncated membrane-bound fragment, p95. We show that HER2 shedding is activated by 4-aminophenylmercuric acetate (APMA), a(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to determine the relative efficacy of doxorubicin versus methotrexate in combination with intravenous cyclophosphamide and 5-fluorouracil (FAC versus CMF) as adjuvant chemotherapy for operable breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Over a 4-year period, 985 women undergoing curative surgery for breast cancer (T1-3(More)
Background: The full-length receptor p185HER-2 undergoes a metalloprotease-dependent cleavage producing a membrane-associated fragment (p95HER-2) in cultured breast cancer cells. P95HER-2 has potentially enhanced sig-naling activity, but its expression and role in human breast cancer is poorly characterized. Purpose: The purpose of this project was to(More)
Prospective transGEICAM study of the impact of the 21-gene Recurrence Score assay and traditional clinicopathological factors on adjuvant clinical decision making in women with estrogen receptor-positive (ER1) node-negative breast cancer Background: This study examined the impact of the Recurrence Score (RS) in Spanish breast cancer patients and explored(More)
Recombinant humanized anti-HER2 antibody, rhuMAb HER2, inhibits the growth of breast cancer cells overexpressing HER2 and has clinical activity. We explored in preclinical models its capacity to enhance the tumoricidal effects of paclitaxel and doxorubicin. In cultures of naturally HER2-overexpressing cancer cells, rhuMAb HER2 inhibited growth and enhanced(More)
HER2/neu, a Mr 185,000 tyrosine kinase receptor that is overexpressed in breast cancer, undergoes proteolytic cleavage of its extracellular domain (ECD). In contrast with other membrane-bound proteins, including growth factor receptors, that are cleaved by a common machinery system, we show that HER2 cleavage is a slow process and is not activated by(More)
BACKGROUND The HER-2 receptor undergoes a proteolytic cleavage generating an NH(2)-terminally truncated fragment, p95HER-2, that is membrane-associated and tyrosine-phosphorylated. We have reported that p95HER-2, but not the full-length receptor, p185HER-2, correlated with the extent of lymph node involvement in patients with breast cancer and its(More)
BACKGROUND In this study, we evaluated the ability of gene expression profiles to predict chemotherapy response and survival in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). METHODS Gene expression and clinical-pathological data were evaluated in five independent cohorts, including three randomised clinical trials for a total of 1055 patients with TNBC,(More)
Purpose: ZD1839 is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) that has shown clinical activity against EGFR-expressing tumors. Our aim was to explore the effects of ZD1839 in breast cancer cell lines expressing different levels of EGFR and the closely related HER2 receptor. Experimental Design: We studied the(More)
PD153035 is reported to be a specific and potent inhibitor of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor tyrosine kinase and, to a lesser degree, of the closely related HER2/neu receptor. We show that PD153035 inhibits EGF-dependent EGF receptor phosphorylation and suppresses the proliferation and clonogenicity of a wide panel of EGF receptor-overexpressing(More)