Joan A. Scott

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Biobanks and archived data sets collecting samples and data have become crucial engines of genetic and genomic research. Unresolved, however, is what responsibilities biobanks should shoulder to manage incidental findings and individual research results of potential health, reproductive, or personal importance to individual contributors (using "biobank"(More)
Direct-to-consumer genetic testing has generated speculation about how customers will interpret results and how these interpretations will influence healthcare use and behavior; however, few empirical data on these topics exist. We conducted an online survey of DTC customers of 23andMe, deCODEme, and Navigenics to begin to address these questions. Random(More)
CONTEXT Noninvasive prenatal determination of fetal sex using cell-free fetal DNA provides an alternative to invasive techniques for some heritable disorders. In some countries this testing has transitioned to clinical care, despite the absence of a formal assessment of performance. OBJECTIVE To document overall test performance of noninvasive fetal sex(More)
PURPOSE People are interested in receiving their individual research results in exchange for participating in genetic research. However, it is unclear whether the public understands the nature and limitations of these results and whether they would want information with unknown clinical utility. METHODS We conducted 10 focus groups in three US cities to(More)
PURPOSE Cohort studies investigating genes, environment, and lifestyle require large study populations. To recruit and retain participants, it is important to understand the relative significance of influences on people's motivation to participate. To this end, 4659 Americans were surveyed about support for and willingness to participate in a proposed large(More)
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) providers and patients have a vested interest in policy related to the use and regulation of PGD. To understand their experiences and attitudes, 32 in-depth interviews were conducted. Participants included 13 people at risk of transmitting a single-gene alteration to their children (10/13 had actually used PGD to try(More)
Concerns about privacy may deter people from participating in genetic research. Recruitment and retention of biobank participants requires understanding the nature and magnitude of these concerns. Potential participants in a proposed biobank were asked about their willingness to participate, their privacy concerns, informed consent, and data sharing. A(More)
The National Institutes of Health and other federal health agencies are considering establishing a national biobank to study the roles of genes and environment in human health. A preliminary public engagement study was conducted to assess public attitudes and concerns about the proposed biobank, including the expectations for return of individual research(More)
The National Institutes of Health and other federal agencies are considering initiating a cohort study of 500,000 people, including 120,000 children, to measure genetic and environmental influences on common diseases. A community engagement pilot study was conducted to identify public attitudes and concerns about the proposed cohort study, including the(More)
Women with recurrent pregnancy loss are offered Factor V Leiden (F5) and/or prothrombin G20210A (F2) testing to identify candidates for anticoagulation to improve outcomes. A systematic literature review was performed to estimate test performance, effect sizes, and treatment effectiveness. Electronic searches were performed through April 2011, with review(More)