Joakim Nyberg

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Several developments have facilitated the practical application and increased the general use of optimal design for nonlinear mixed effects models. These developments include new methodology for utilizing advanced pharmacometric models, faster optimization algorithms and user friendly software tools. In this paper we present the extension of the optimal(More)
Optimal experimental design can be used for optimizing new pharmacokinetic (PK)-pharmacodynamic (PD) studies to increase the parameter precision. Several methods for optimizing non-linear mixed effect models has been proposed previously but the impact of optimizing other continuous design parameters, e.g. the dose, has not been investigated to a large(More)
Efficient power calculation methods have previously been suggested for Wald test-based inference in mixed-effects models but the only available alternative for Likelihood ratio test-based hypothesis testing has been to perform computer-intensive multiple simulations and re-estimations. The proposed Monte Carlo Mapped Power (MCMP) method is based on the use(More)
Covariate models for population pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics are often built with a stepwise covariate modelling procedure (SCM). When analysing a small dataset this method may produce a covariate model that suffers from selection bias and poor predictive performance. The lasso is a method suggested to remedy these problems. It may also be faster(More)
We have previously shown how screening experiments for neuropathic pain can be optimised taking into account parameter and model uncertainty. Here we demonstrate how optimised protocols can be used to screen and rank candidate molecules. The concept is illustrated by pregabalin as a new chemical entity and gabapentin as a reference compound. ED-optimality(More)
In spite of the evidence regarding high variability in the response to evoked pain, little attention has been paid to its impact on the screening of drugs for inflammatory and neuropathic pain. In this study, we explore the feasibility of introducing optimality concepts to experimental protocols, enabling estimation of parameter and model uncertainty.(More)
In population modeling two sources of variability are commonly included; inter individual variability and residual variability. Rich sampling optimal design (more samples than model parameters) using these models will often result in a sampling schedule where some measurements are taken at exactly the same time point, thereby maximizing the signal-to-noise(More)
Investigate the possibility to directly optimize a clinical trial design for statistical power to detect a drug effect and compare to optimal designs that focus on parameter precision. An improved statistic derived from the general formulation of the Wald approximation was used to predict the statistical power for given trial designs of a disease(More)
To characterize the pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) relationship between exposure of morphine and subsequent morphine consumption and to develop simulation tools for model validation. Dose, formulation and time of morphine administration was available from a published study in 63 patients receiving intravenous, oral immediate release or oral(More)
D-optimal designs for discrete-type responses have been derived using generalized linear mixed models, simulation based methods and analytical approximations for computing the fisher information matrix (FIM) of non-linear mixed effect models with homogeneous probabilities over time. In this work, D-optimal designs using an analytical approximation of the(More)