Joachin Roski

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OBJECTIVES The present study used telephone support both to sustain abstinence and to encourage renewed quit attempts in smokers who had completed an intensive smoking cessation clinic. METHODS Subjects were hard-core smokers (n = 1083) who had attended a multisession cessation clinic. They were then assigned randomly to receive telephone support(More)
It has repeatedly been demonstrated that increased levels of social support are positively associated with a smoker's likelihood of achieving abstinence. It remains unclear, however, what specific support behaviors influence smoking cessation. This study explores the effects of supportive and undermining behaviors experienced by subjects (N = 624) in the(More)
OBJECTIVES Transdermal nicotine patches have shown considerable promise in improving smoking cessation outcomes. The present study assessed telephone support as an adjunct to a managed care-based, single-session group orientation smoking cessation program with nicotine patch therapy. METHODS The unit of randomization was the orientation session (n = 35).(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate measurement of physician quality performance, which is increasingly used by health plans as the basis of quality improvement, network design, and financial incentives, despite concerns about data and methodological challenges. STUDY DESIGN Evaluation of health plan administrative claims and enrollment data. METHODS Using(More)
Social environment risk factors present in schools and communities have not been thoroughly investigated. This study cross-sectionally examined the social environments of schools and communities, and their influence on adolescent alcohol and drug use. Survey responses of eighth grade students (N = 2309), a random half of their parents (n = 943), community(More)
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