Joachim Schulz

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X-ray crystallography provides the vast majority of macromolecular structures, but the success of the method relies on growing crystals of sufficient size. In conventional measurements, the necessary increase in X-ray dose to record data from crystals that are too small leads to extensive damage before a diffraction signal can be recorded. It is(More)
The beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) is a ubiquitous, highly conserved secretory glycoprotein that is expressed at high levels in mammalian brain by neurons, astrocytes, and activated microglia. Secreted APP (APPs) is generated by the cleavage of APP within the beta-amyloid (A beta) portion of its ectodomain. The formation and secretion of APPs can be(More)
Polarization of a neuron begins with the appearance of the first neurite, thus defining the ultimate growth axis. Unlike late occurring polarity events (such as axonal growth), very little is known about this fundamental process. We show here that, in Drosophila melanogaster neurons in vivo, the first membrane deformation occurred 3.6 min after precursor(More)
To determine whether neurite outgrowth depends upon the mevalonate pathway, we blocked mevalonate synthesis in nerve growth factor-treated PC12 cells or primary cortical neurones with atorvastatin, a 3-hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor, and substituted different intermediates of the mevalonate pathway. We show that HMG-CoA(More)
Syndecans are heparan sulfate proteoglycans that modulate the activity of several growth factors and cell adhesion molecules. PDZ domains in the adaptor protein syntenin interact with syndecans and with the phosphoinositide PIP(2), which is involved in the regulation of the actin cytoskeleton and membrane trafficking. Here, we show that the syntenin PDZ(More)
Hydrodynamic focusing with a jet close to the orifice of a Coulter counter is used as a detector for particle sizing, with a substantial increase in resolution and size range. To maintain these improvements during analogue-digital conversion, zero crossover triggering for sample and hold and a pulse-shape dependent inhibition before address transfer to the(More)
The syndecans play critical roles in several signal transduction pathways. The core proteins of these heparan sulfate proteoglycans are characterized by highly conserved transmembrane and intracellular domains which are required for signaling across the membrane and for interaction with cytosolic proteins. However, regulatory mechanisms controlling these(More)
Protein crystallization in cells has been observed several times in nature. However, owing to their small size these crystals have not yet been used for X-ray crystallographic analysis. We prepared nano-sized in vivo-grown crystals of Trypanosoma brucei enzymes and applied the emerging method of free-electron laser-based serial femtosecond crystallography(More)
X-ray free electron laser (X-FEL)-based serial femtosecond crystallography is an emerging method with potential to rapidly advance the challenging field of membrane protein structural biology. Here we recorded interpretable diffraction data from micrometer-sized lipidic sponge phase crystals of the Blastochloris viridis photosynthetic reaction center(More)
The brain’s impotence to utilize long-chain fatty acids as fuel, one of the dogmas in neuroscience, is surprising, since the nervous system is the tissue most energy consuming and most vulnerable to a lack of energy. Challenging this view, we here show in vivo that loss of the Drosophila carnitine palmitoyltransferase 2 (CPT2), an enzyme required for(More)