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During walking, the six legs of a stick insect can be coordinated in different temporal sequences or gaits. Leg coordination in each gait is controlled and stabilized by coordinating mechanisms that affect the action of the segmental neuronal networks for walking pattern generation. At present, the motor program for single walking legs in the absence of(More)
A general feature of motor patterns for locomotion is their cyclic and alternating organization. In walking, for example, rhythmic activity in leg motoneurons innervating antagonistic muscles of a joint is primarily antiphasic within each cycle. We investigate which role central pattern generating networks play in the generation of leg motoneuron activity(More)
In the present study, motoneurons innervating the flexor tibiae muscle of the stick insect (Cuniculina impigra) middle leg were recorded intracellularly while the single leg performed walking-like movements on a treadwheel. Different levels of belt friction (equivalent to a change in load) were used to study the control of activity of flexor motoneurons.(More)
Locomotion requires the coordination of movements across body segments, which in walking animals is expressed as gaits. We studied the underlying neural mechanisms of this coordination in a semi-intact walking preparation of the stick insect Carausius morosus. During walking of a single front leg on a treadmill, leg motoneuron (MN) activity tonically(More)
This paper focuses on two aspects of a human robot interaction scenario: Detection and tracking of moving objects, e.g., persons is necessary for localizing possible interaction partners and reconstruction of the surroundings can be used for navigation purposes and room categorization. Although these processes can be addressed independent from each other,(More)
The analysis of inter-leg coordination in insect walking is generally a study of six-legged locomotion. For decades, the stick insect Carausius morosus has been instrumental for unravelling the rules and mechanisms that control leg coordination in hexapeds. We analysed inter-leg coordination in C. morosus that freely walked on straight paths on plane(More)
Two mouse mutations gyro (Gy) and hypophosphatemia (Hyp) are mouse models for X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets and have been shown to be deleted for the 5' and 3' end of the mouse homolog of PHEX (phosphate regulating gene with homologies to endopeptidases on the X chromosome; formerly called PEX), respectively. In addition to the metabolic disorder(More)
After 3 and 12 months of isolation rearing of rats, sensitivity of single neurons to microiontophoretically applied transmitters as well as neuronal spontaneous activity are analysed in striatum, cortex, hippocampus, locus coeruleus and nucleus raphis medialis. It is demonstrated that regulation of transmitter sensitivity, as well as spontaneous activity,(More)
Imidacloprid, sulfoxaflor and two experimental sulfoximine insecticides caused generally depressive symptoms in stick insects, characterized by stillness and weakness, while also variably inducing postural changes such as persistent ovipositor opening, leg flexion or extension and abdomen bending that could indicate excitation of certain neural circuits. We(More)
Treatment with inhaled carbon monoxide (CO) has been shown to ameliorate bowel dysmotility caused by surgical manipulation of the gut in experimental animals. We hypothesized that administration of CO dissolved in lactated Ringer's solution (CO-LR) might provide similar protection to that observed with the inhaled gas while obviating some of its inherent(More)