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The addition of cyclosporin A (500 ng ml(-1)) - an inhibitor of the Ca2+-calmodulin-regulated serine/threonine phosphatase calcineurin - to primary cultures of rabbit skeletal muscle cells had no influence on the expression of fast myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms MHCIIa and MHCIId at the level of protein and mRNA, but reduced the expression of slow MHCI(More)
Contractile activity imposed by chronic electrical stimulation of a primary skeletal muscle cell culture grown on microcarriers over several days led to an increase of slow myosin heavy chain I (MHCI) and a decrease of fast MHCII expression at mRNA and protein levels, indicating an ongoing fast-to-slow transformation. Only patterns with periods of(More)
The calcineurin-mediated signal transduction via nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFATc1) is involved in upregulating slow myosin heavy chain (MHC) gene expression during fast-to-slow transformation of skeletal muscle cells. This study aims to investigate the Ca2+ signal necessary to activate the calcineurin-NFATc1 cascade in skeletal muscle.(More)
2ϩ transients activate calcineurin/NFATc1 and initiate fast-to-slow transformation in a primary skeletal muscle culture.—The calcineurin-mediated signal transduction via nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFATc1) is involved in upregulating slow myosin heavy chain (MHC) gene expression during fast-to-slow transformation of skeletal muscle cells. This(More)
Calcium is a key element in intracellular signaling in skeletal muscle. Changes in intracellular calcium levels are thought to mediate the fast-to-slow transformation of muscle fiber type. One factor implicated in gene regulation in adult muscle is the nuclear factor of activated T-cells (NFAT) isoform c1, whose dephosphorylation by the(More)
The activity of membrane-bound alkaline phosphatase (ALP) expressed on the external surface of cultured murine P19 teratocarcinoma and human HL-60 myeloblastic leukemia cells was studied at physiological pH using p-nitrophenylphosphate (pNPP) as substrate. The rate of substrate hydrolysis catalyzed by intact viable cells remained constant for eight(More)
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is a glycoenzyme that is highly expressed during carcinogenesis and is induced by retinoic acid (RA) in various cells. We investigated the effects of RA on N-linked glycosylation of the tissue nonspecific liver/bone/kidney- type of ALP (L/B/K ALP), on ALP transcripts, and on total protein glycosylation in two neuronal cell lines,(More)
We have investigated the mechanism of the changes in the profile of metabolic enzyme expression that occur in association with fast-to-slow transformation of rabbit skeletal muscle. The hypotheses assessed are: do 1) lowered intracellular ATP concentration or 2) reduction of the muscular glycogen stores act as triggers of metabolic transformation? We find(More)
1. The adult fast character and a Ca2+-inducible reversible transition from a fast to a slow type of rabbit myotube in a primary culture were demonstrated at the mRNA level by Northern blot analysis with probes specific for different myosin heavy chain (MyHC) isoforms and enzymes of energy metabolism. 2. No non-adult MyHC isoform mRNA was detected after 22(More)
In skeletal muscle, calcineurin is crucial for myocyte differentiation and in the determination of the slow oxidative fibre phenotype, both processes being important determinants of muscle performance, metabolic health and meat-animal production. Fibre type is defined by the isoform identity of the skeletal myosin heavy chain (MyHC). We have examined the(More)