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BACKGROUND In schizophrenia research, early detection in the initial prodrome before first psychotic episodes is a major topic. Therefore, the prognostic accuracy of initial prodromal symptoms was examined prospectively. METHODS The study sample was composed of patients referred to outpatient departments of German psychiatric university departments,(More)
Cannabidiol is a component of marijuana that does not activate cannabinoid receptors, but moderately inhibits the degradation of the endocannabinoid anandamide. We previously reported that an elevation of anandamide levels in cerebrospinal fluid inversely correlated to psychotic symptoms. Furthermore, enhanced anandamide signaling let to a lower transition(More)
The aim of this guidance paper of the European Psychiatric Association is to provide evidence-based recommendations on the early detection of a clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis in patients with mental problems. To this aim, we conducted a meta-analysis of studies reporting on conversion rates to psychosis in non-overlapping samples meeting any at(More)
CONTEXT Indicated prevention is currently regarded as the most promising strategy to attenuate, delay, or even avert psychosis. Existing criteria need improvement in terms of specificity and individual risk assessment to allow for better targeted and earlier interventions. OBJECTIVE To develop a differential predictive clinical model of transition to(More)
BACKGROUND To develop risk-adapted prevention of psychosis, an accurate estimation of the individual risk of psychosis at a given time is needed. Inclusion of biological parameters into multilevel prediction models is thought to improve predictive accuracy of models on the basis of clinical variables. To this aim, mismatch negativity (MMN) was investigated(More)
The study aims to identify potential neurocognitive indicators of an enhanced risk for developing psychosis. N=44 patients meeting clinical inclusion criteria for initial prodromal states (IPS) who developed psychosis within a median interval of 10 months were compared to N=39 IPS patients not developing psychosis within a minimum interval of 1 year (median(More)
Findings from cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies in schizophrenia indicating temporal lobe involvement have been inconsistent and controversial. In a prospective study, we quantified the volumes of temporal lobe structures in 20 male patients with first episode schizophrenia (FES; mean+/-S.D.=27.4+/-4. 8 years) and 20 healthy age-matched male(More)
CONTEXT During the past 2 decades, a major transition in the clinical characterization of psychotic disorders has occurred. The construct of a clinical high-risk (HR) state for psychosis has evolved to capture the prepsychotic phase, describing people presenting with potentially prodromal symptoms. The importance of this HR state has been increasingly(More)
BACKGROUND Deep brain stimulation (DBS), an established treatment for some movement disorders, is now being used experimentally to treat psychiatric disorders as well. In a number of recently published case series, DBS yielded an impressive therapeutic benefit in patients with medically intractable psychiatric diseases. METHODS This review of the use of(More)
BACKGROUND Impaired cortical inhibition is a well-established finding in schizophrenia patients and has been linked to dysfunctional gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic transmission. However, there have been no previous studies investigating cortical excitability with particular regard to intracortical inhibitory networks in antipsychotic-naive subjects at(More)