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In a matched case-control study of cancer of the lower urinary tract in northern Germany in which 340 male and 91 female case-control pairs were interviewed between 1977 and 1982, cigarette smokers were found to have an odds ratio of 2.3 for males and 2.9 for females compared with nonsmokers. A significant dose-response relation was observed for increasing(More)
A number of cytolytic T lymphocyte (CTL) clones derived from several melanoma patients have been found to recognize a majority of melanomas from HLA-A2 patients. We have reported previously that two such CTL clones recognize a product of the tyrosinase gene that is presented by HLA-A2. Here we show that one of these CTL clones recognizes a peptide encoded(More)
It has been reported previously that antitumor cytolytic T lymphocyte (CTL) clones can be isolated from blood lymphocytes of HLA-A2 melanoma patients, after stimulation in vitro with autologous tumor cells, and that some of these CTL clones lyse most HLA-A2 melanomas. A first antigen recognized by such CTL clones was previously shown to be encoded by the(More)
Benign cerebellar astrocytomas of childhood are potentially surgically curable lesions. Histologically, these neoplasms can be divided into pilocytic and diffuse astrocytomas. Whether there is a difference in the recurrence rate between these two tumor types after a surgical resection is not clear. In addition, the role of immediate postoperative imaging in(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is characterized by excess body fat measured in body mass index (BMI), which is the weight in kilograms (kg) divided by the height in square meters [m(2)]. In the Northern Hemisphere, the prevalence of overweight has increased by up to 34%. This situation is associated with high incidence of comorbidities such as gastroesophageal reflux(More)
We report on the results of a one-year, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group titration study of the new sulfonylurea agent, glimepiride, versus use of non-micronized glyburide to treat 577 patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). Similar decreases in both fasting plasma glucose and HbA1C were found using glimepiride(More)
The effects of fluvastatin and bezafibrate on lipids, lipoproteins, and apoproteins (apo) were investigated in a multicenter randomized, double-blind, parallel-group study. After 8 weeks of strictly controlled (computer-based assessment) dietary stabilization, patients with primary hypercholesterolemia (low-density lipoprotein cholesterol [LDL-C] > or = 160(More)
AIM The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is a ligand activated transcription factor that together with Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Nuclear Translocator (ARNT) controls the expression of Xenobiotic metabolising enzymes (XME) such as CYP1B1. In the absence of exogenous ligands, AHR is supposed to be involved in promotion of cell cycle progression. Polymorphisms(More)
A mutated cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4) was identified as a tumor-specific antigen recognized by HLA-A2. 1-restricted autologous cytolytic T lymphocytes (CTLs) in a human melanoma. The mutated CDK4 allele was present in autologous cultured melanoma cells and metastasis tissue, but not in the patient's lymphocytes. The mutation, an arginine-to-cysteine(More)