Joachim Harig

Learn More
A condition known as diversion colitis frequently develops in segments of the colorectum after surgical diversion of the fecal stream; it persists indefinitely unless the excluded segment is reanastomosed. The disease is characterized by bleeding from inflamed colonic mucosa that mimics the bleeding of idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease, and it may(More)
The identity of Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE) isoforms in the human small intestine and colon and their role in vectorial Na+ absorption are not known. The present studies were undertaken to examine the regional and vertical axis distribution of NHE-1, NHE-2, and NHE-3 mRNA in the human intestine. Ribonuclease protection assays were used to quantitate the levels(More)
BACKGROUND Short chain fatty acid (SCFA) deficiency is associated with colitis in animals and humans, and the mucosal metabolism of these compounds is decreased in ulcerative colitis. AIMS To assess the efficacy of topical SCFA treatment in ulcerative colitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS 103 patients with distal ulcerative colitis were entered into a six week,(More)
Brush-border membranes prepared from proximal and distal human small intestine were characterized with respect to lipid fluidity, lipid composition, and protein-lipid interactions. Steady-state fluorescence polarization and differential polarized phase fluorometry revealed that the "static" and "dynamic" rotational components of fluidity (assessed by r(More)
D-Lactate-associated encephalopathy is a rare clinical syndrome characterized by dizziness, ataxia, confusion, headaches, memory loss, lethargy, and aggressiveness which may progress to frank but reversible coma. It occurs in patients with profound dysfunction of the short-bowel syndrome and is believed to result from massive carbohydrate malabsorption with(More)
Intestinal ischemia/reperfusion injury (I/R) results from reactive oxygen metabolites generated by the xanthine oxidase system and activated neutrophils (PMN). In animal models, removing PMN from initial reperfusate has consistently decreased tissue injury. This experiment was designed to test this potential clinical treatment in human bowel subjected to(More)
This study utilized intestinal brush-border membrane vesicles obtained from organ donor intestine to characterize the absorption of D-glucose and L-leucine in the human intestine. Both D-glucose and L-leucine were taken up by sodium gradient-dependent active transport along the entire length of the small intestine. The relative magnitude of transport for(More)
BACKGROUND Conventional radiographic techniques image only the silhouettes of the deglutitive pharyngeal chamber. This study aimed to accurately image the horizontal plane shape and content of the pharynx during swallowing. METHODS Dynamic computerized tomography images of the pharynx were obtained at the rate of 17 per second during swallowing. Multiple(More)
Apical membrane vesicles purified from mucosal scrapings obtained from distal segments of organ donor colons and a 22Na-uptake technique were used to characterize the mechanism(s) of Na+ transport into these vesicles. An outwardly directed H+ gradient (pH 5.5in/7.5out) markedly increased uptake of 22Na into these vesicles. Osmolarity studies demonstrated(More)
The fluidity of the exofacial (outer) and cytofacial (inner) leaflets of human proximal small intestinal brush-border membrane vesicles was studied by selective quenching by trinitrophenyl groups, steady-state fluorescence polarization, and differential polarized phase fluorometry techniques, utilizing the lipid soluble fluorophore(More)