Joachim H. Spangenberg

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The notion of environmental space was coined by Hans Opschoor in the early 1990s, referring to a range of limitations in resources available for human consumption. Meanwhile it has been demonstrated that energy, material flows and land use are three essential resources to be taken into account, and that the reduction of their use would significantly(More)
NOTE The contents of this report do not necessarily reflect the official opinion of the European Communities or other European Communities institutions. Neither the European Environment Agency nor any person or company acting on the behalf of the Agency is responsible for the use that may be made of the information contained in this report.
The social dimension of sustainable development has most often been neglected when developing future scenarios, or, at best, been dealt with as a framework condition for successful environmental sustainability strategies. However, given the long-disputed trade-off between social and environmental improvements in a market economy, environmental and social(More)
The development and use of the conceptual framework of ecosystem services (ES) has been very successful in supporting the broad diffusion and application of ES within science and policy communities. However, most of the currently proposed interpretations of the framework neither correlate to environmental planning nor to decision-making contexts at the(More)
Sustainable Development is probably the key new paradigm on which to base policies for the future. However, so far the concept remains vague at best in many aspects, and in particular as regards the interaction environmental, economic and social politics. Based on some theoretical considerations this paper defines minimum conditions for sustainable(More)
Scientists talk of " ecosystem services " and their economic value when arguing for the conservation of biodiversity. The limits to this line of argumentation are analysed based on the philosophy of values (axiology), exploring different kinds of values and discussing which of them can be adequately described with economic methods. The three promises of(More)
In their own battles and strategy meetings since the early 1980s, EJOs (environmental justice organizations) and their networks have introduced several concepts to political ecology that have also been taken up by academics and policy makers. In this paper, we explain the contexts in which such notions have arisen, providing definitions of a wide array of(More)
The CSD's set of sustainability indicators was the first one to explicitly take into account the fourth essential dimension of sustainability, the institutional one, besides the well established economic, environmental and social ones. Although this is a major achievement for sustainability policies, the indicators proposed have not all been received with(More)